Opinions of professors and chairmen of chambers of appeals on the quality of teaching in universities' law schools in imperial Russia in the late 19th - early 20th century are discussed.
The scientific importance. Hypothesis that material stimulation has a strong impact on the more parameters of motivational space in the situation of employment then in situation of inclusion in work activities was proved.
Novelty and originality. To conduct the study computational method for diagnostics of work motivation "Motivational map" (developed and approbated by the authors) was used.
Relevance. The stimulation of workers is one of the priority directions in modern organizations. There are various tools of material and non-material motivation, but the performance management practice meets some difficulties, pointed out by organizational psychologists. The most controversial question of the relation between material and non-material motivation.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.