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Working paper

Социально-экономическое положение и поведение профессионалов и менеджеров в сфере занятости

The key problem of the social situation in post-Soviet Russia implies that its future and the prospects of developing new efficient post-industrial economy to a large extent depend on the successful creation of the new middle classes, the very foundation of which is composed of professionals and managers. A considerable proportion of these social occupational groups is facing a difficult situation, which can be described by the inability for accumulative reproduction of human capital and the lack of innovative activity. The nature of transitional processes in Russia has led to a stable reproduction of socially unwelcome (and even illegal) behavior models of those groups, which were accepted as the only possible way of adaptation to a normative social structure, where the mechanisms of social protection were scarce. In this research the primary attention is drawn to analysis of socioeconomic situation, accumulation of human capital, social and occupational status dynamics, and the state of social protection of professionals and managers. Its empirical base along with the data collected from statistical sources and legal documents includes series of representative surveys of Russian population, held in January 1994 and November 2002 under the author’s guidance, as well as the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey database (RLMS 2004). We also relied on information from a number of in-depth interviews with the experts (representatives of federal and regional authorities, owners and executives of firms and organizations) and the representatives of managers and professionals (2004—2005).