Оценка состояния государственно-частного партнерства в регионах (по результатам мониторинга)
This article there analyses the positions of various authors which exist in scientific literature regarding the legal nature of a public-private partnership agreement, its independent or mixed legal nature. It analyses applicable Russian law on public-private partnerships. It is proved that a public-private partnership agreement in its legal nature is constructed as an independent, but not mixed agreement. However, as soon as parties include in it elements/obligations of other agreements in addition to those which are regulated by a federal law “On public-private partnership, municipal-private partnership in the Russian Federation and amendments to some normative acts of the Russian Federation”, then a public-private partnership agreement can be considered as mixed agreement under preemptive regulation of disputable legal matters by the federal law “On public-private partnership, municipal-private partnership in the Russian Federation and amendments to some normative acts of the Russian Federation”
State-private partnership as one of the common formats of interaction between government and business.
The article is devoted to the analysis of current changes in the legislative base, the identification of relevant approaches to assessing the economic effects for stakeholders, as well as the construction of financial models in the framework of the implementation of agreements on public-private partnership. The article presents the result of testing the financial model that we propose, which can be used in concession agreements.
The article analyzes the legal framework and development trends of this form of interaction. We propose to consider and evaluate PPP projects from the point of view of 3 aspects: organizational, methodological and managerial (stakeholder). By stakeholders, we understand individuals and / or legal entities that are directly or indirectly interested in the results of the project.
Modern methods for assessing risks, benefits and effects for various stakeholders of projects implemented in the form of PPP are considered. For each of the stakeholders, we can identify the effects that they can evaluate in the process of analyzing projects implemented in the form of a public-private partnership. By effects, we understand the quantitative and qualitative results of a project that can be identified and, as a rule, measured.
It is suggested authors’ approach to building a financial model and evaluating the effects of PPP projects. The article describes the algorithm for building a financial model, and also presents the author’s approach to the assessment of the integral effect, taking into account the complex structure of the partnership participants.
In the article there is an analysis of positions of various authors which exist in science literature about an issue of what can be considered as object of a public-private partnership agreement, as well as a characteristic of norms of Russian and foreign law which cover the matter in question. During the analysis some issues related to inclusion in the list of objects a public service, property rights and moveable property technologically not connected with real estate are considered.
Monograph contains of a comprehensive research in the field of managing development system of national and international transport corridors (ITC) and devoted to the urgent, but relatively poorly understood and insufficiently covered in the scientific and academic publications the problems of strategic planning, logistics infrastructure and the formation of integrated transport and logistic systems, the organization of multi - and intermodal transportation of cargo in containers to ensure the implementation of export-import and transit potential of Russia in the global system of ITC.
The monograph consists of four interrelated sections. The first section analyzes the history of development and current state of European and Asian ITC passing through the territory of Russia. It is shown that the role of Russia in the development of transit flows of goods in the global system of ITC is prior. The second section is devoted to multi-modal and intermodal freight technologies of the system - and goods movement on the ITC. It addresses the organizational and technological features and the classification of multimodal transport of goods, development trends of intermodal freight containers, justified by the benefits of inter - and multi-modal transportation technologies and their economic efficiency. The main part of the monograph is the third section, in which great attention is paid to strategies for creating major transportation hubs and ports core network of terminal facilities and logistics centers and the formation of integrated transport and logistics systems in the areas of attraction for national and international transport corridors. The final fourth section is devoted to the geopolitical and practical issues of formation in Russia of international transport corridors and issues of national security Russia. The book is designed for a wide range of employees, managers and entrepreneurs of transportation, freight forwarding, industrial and commercial companies, academics and experts in the field of transport economics, foreign trade activities, logistics, distribution and logistics of transport, it can be used by federal and regional governments, researchers, teachers, postgraduates and students of higher educational institutions and economic profile.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.