Технологии работы с текстовой и фактографической информацией. Словарь-справочник
Modern software development faces many challenges nowadays. In order to avoiding, minimizing, and monitoring the risks and their impact, it is important to identify, estimate and evaluate the risks. The study addresses software risk management in software development area. An approach to analysis, structuring, and usage is proposed for the information technology (IT) projects in the risk management context. It is based on the study of the existing theoretical knowledge and practices and examples of better management. The author provides recommendations on software risk management and gives a brief overview of the automated software tools.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.