Covid-19 vaccine efficacy and Russian public support for anti-pandemic measures
Objectives. Arterial blood pressure and serum blood glucose concentration, and the level of anxiety, as determined by the Spielberger test, as physical and psychological markers of stress under “modernization”, were studied in groups of native Siberians: the Khanty and the Mansi.
Results. The fraction of respondents with a high level of anxiety is 64% of the total sample. The average values of systolic and diastolic blood pressure are higher among natives living in large than in small “national” settlements (p<0.05). The arterial blood pressure of town dwellers is even higher. The same patterns are seen in the blood serum glucose concentrations in female samples. The average arterial blood pressure (in males and females) and the blood serum glucose concentration (in females) increases as people diverge from “traditional” lifestyles.
Conclusions. The results demonstrate that “modernization” and urbanization have a serious stressing influence on the aborigines of North Siberia.
Symptoms of anxiety are highly comorbid with major depressive disorder (MDD) and are known to alter the course of the disease. To help elucidate the biological underpinnings of these prevalent disorders, we previously examined the relationship between components of anxiety (somatic, psychic and motoric) and serotonin 1A receptor (5-HT1A) binding in MDD and found that higher psychic and lower somatic anxiety was associated with greater 5-HT1A binding. In this work, we sought to examine the correlation between these anxiety symptom dimensions and 5-HTT binding. Positron emission tomography with [11C]-3-amino-4-(3-dimethylamino-methylphenylsulfanyl)-benzonitrile ([11C]DASB) and a metabolite-corrected arterial input function were used to estimate regional 5-HTT binding in 55 subjects with MDD and anxiety symptoms. Somatic anxiety was negatively correlated with 5-HTT binding in the thalamus (β=−.33, p=.025), amygdala (β=−.31, p=.007) and midbrain (β=−.72, p<.001). Psychic anxiety was positively correlated with 5-HTT binding in midbrain only (β=.46, p=.0025). To relate to our previous study, correlation between 5-HT1A and 5-HTT binding was examined, and none was found. We also examined how much of the variance in anxiety symptom dimensions could be explained by both 5-HTT and 5-HT1A binding. The developed model was able to explain 68% (p<.001), 38% (p=.012) and 32% (p=.038) of the total variance in somatic, psychic, and motoric anxiety, respectively. Results indicate the tight coupling between the serotonergic system and anxiety components, which may be confounded when using aggregate anxiety measures. Uncovering serotonin's role in anxiety and depression in this way may give way to a new generation of therapeutics and treatment strategies.
Recovering from Covid: Responsible Management and Reshaping the Economy
In 2021, the 35th Conference and 2nd BAM Conference in the Cloud, will critically engage with the socio-economic recovery from the global Covid-19 pandemic.
Consumers, producers, frontline workers, managers, businesses, public and third sector organisations all have their own roles and responsibilities in transforming our marketised society for the post-pandemic world.
We will critically explore the challenges we all face, aiming to generate relevant, impactful insights into the innovative forms and means of mobilising the collective action that is required if we are to create a productive, flourishing and more inclusive society.
The devastation created by the Covid-19 pandemic presents a unique opportunity for the business and management academy to play its part in addressing the social, technical, economic and environmental disruptions we face. There is a desperate need for responsible management and distributed leadership.
These unique circumstances offer the ability to make a tangible difference beyond the realms of the theoretical and academic, to take chances we might not otherwise have encountered. We call upon our collaborative research community to address the broad range of questions the pandemic and its aftermath have created, to explore how best to reimagine and enable a greener, more sustainable economy, one that levels up the economy, and one that is both inclusive and fairer.
The article is devoted to personality traits in choosing coping strategies of behavior in an organizational conflict. The research deals with such personality traits as empathy, locus of control, anxiety, self-appraisal and temperament. The author examines the influence of gender, age, working and managerial experience of an employee on the choice of coping strategies.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.