The Universal Link between Higher Education and Pro-Market Values
This study aims to analyse the tenure of head coaches in college women’s soccer in the United States and puts the focus on the influence of race and gender. The analysis includes individual characteristics of coaches (educational and professional background), team performance, institutional characteristics, and geographical differences (at the state level) from 1977 until 2015. The main results show that African American coaches and women have a significantly shorter tenure in these college institutions. Other factors related to the background of coaches and the characteristics of institutions also play a significant role. The findings are relevant for coaches from minority groups and athletic departments, who are interested in equity in sport. Future research may use an alternative approach to investigate the causes of tenure disparity in college women’s soccer.
Software engineering education (SEE) process simulates the main professional software lifecycle processes such as analysis, design, construction and maintenance (see SWEBoK, ITIL, etc.). The necessity of meeting both educational needs and requirements from industry explains that using Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) techniques in software engineering (SE) should be based on professional tools or on similar to them. The main purpose of this work is to fill the gap between the SEE needs and the current trends in CSCL development. We generalize world experience and suggest the framework of using industry approved methods and tools. We compare CSCL tools and the other collaborative services; analyze the teaching experience of several SE courses supported by different collaborative methods and collaborative web-services. Special attention is paid to formative feedback implementation. Following achieved result we suppose that using best practices from SE will enrich CSCL methodology and tools not only for SE field, but also for other areas of knowledge.
We review the transition of the Russian banking sector focusing on the interplay between ownership change and institutional change. We find that the state's withdrawal from commercial banking has been inconsistent and limited in scope. To this day, core banks have yet to be privatized and the state has made a comeback as owner of the dominant market participants. We also look at the new institutions imported into Russia to regulate banking and finance, including rule of law, competition, deposit insurance, confidentiality, bankruptcy, and corporate governance. The unfortunate combination of this new institutional overlay and traditional local norms of behavior have brought Russia to an impasse - the banking sector's ownership structure hinders further advancement of market institutions. Indeed, we may now be witnessing is a retreat from the original market-based goals of transition.
Articles and presentations of Russian researchers, dedicating to different aspects of the United States foreign and domestic policy, actual issues of American historiography, problems of history of literature, linguistics and pedagogy are include in the book. For scholars, teachers, students, for everyone who is interested in the problems of American studies.
Propaedeutics of engineering culture in the school should not be limited by familiarity with the school robotics. It is necessary to the development of other components of the engineering culture, such as TRIZ, system analysis, project management, and others. The possible content of these components and the ability of their studying in the "Permian version" of a propaedeutic course of computer science ("TRIZformatics") and contest "TRIZformashka" are discussed.
The article examines the specifics of small business sector institutional development in the transitional economy of Russia. It shows that small business adjustment has brought about a number of economic institutions, for example, business networks and vertically integrated structures. But business associations as a fully-fledged institution representing and protecting the interests of small business have not been established yet. Business ties and transactions are maintained through informal contracts, businessmen' personal relations. This practice has triggered the development of the shadow economy. A similar institutional development of the sector has had mainly negative results. The analysis has used the results of formalized surveys and in-depth interviews with entrepreneurs and small business managers held by IPSSA (with the participation of the article's author) in 1992 to 1998.
Usually marketization is associated with the commercialization as the desire for recovery of the profit. This means replacing the educational functions to the provision of services, with all the unfortunate consequences. However, such an approach is superficial and emotional. The orientation of higher education on the client is very appropriate. Moreover, it is able to put a lot into place.
This book seeks to “re-think democracy.” Over the past years, there has been a tendency in the global policy community and, even more widely, in the world’s media, to focus on democracy as the “gold standard” by which all things political are measured. This book re-examines democracy in Russia and in the world more generally, as idea, desired ideal, and practice. A major issue for Russia is whether the modernization of Russia might not prosper better by Russia focusing directly on modernization and not worrying too much about democracy. This book explores a wide range of aspects of this important question. It discusses how the debate is conducted in Russia; outlines how Russians contrast their own experiences, unfavourably, with the experience of China, where reform and modernization have been pursued with great success, with no concern for democracy; and concludes by assessing how the debate in Russia is likely to be resolved.
The Summer School is aimed at creating and supporting the academic network of young researchers from all regions of Russia as well as from CIS and other countries, who work in the field of New Institutional Economics. The schedule of the Summer School includes lectures, seminars and plenty of possibilities for discussion and communication. This year we will focus on possibilities and challenges of applied research in the institutional economics framework.