Национальные литературы в историческом диалоге культур.
Article is devoted to almost unknown aspects of reception of the European culture in Russia of the mid 18th cenury.
The paper describes the potential practical application and special aspects of teaching academic writing through REALEC (Russian Error-Annotated Learner English Corpus), an error-annotated on-line corpus. Efficiency of this methodology is evaluated by the author.
The paper revisits the topic elaborated in the earlier Translation Studies serial issue and suggests a diachronic approach towards reference in the interlanguage translation from within the psycholinguistics and cognitive linguistics perspectives. Reference viewed as the universal steering mechanism behind the translation process per se is believed to enable the translator's mental operations. This fact was implicitly evidenced in the respective notes by antique texts' translators who extensively reflected on their rendering of those texts into modern languages, including Russian. Source-text analysis against target language texts favored the translators' viewpoint on intricate and referentially opaque text-reality relations whereby such reality overlaps irreality comprising coexisting human beings with imaginary characters, mythical heroes, as well as real-life and fabled objects and events reflected in the source-language texts generated in high antiquity.
The paper features reference in interlanguage translation in terms of psycholinguistic and cognitive psychology as a universal steering mechanism enabling translation as a process. Text referentiality is treated as its capacity to be projected onto the translator’s mental imagery for recognizing and identifying the links and relations with beyond-the-text substances in the real/possible world. With the view of proving and furthering the hypothesis under study, English—Russian renderings of cross-genre subtexts are analyzed from the referential perspective; these include micro-syntactical (syntagmas) and macro-syntactical units—subtexts (superphrasal units), as well as phrasal units.