The Relationship Between the Workers Competitiveness and Their Labor Mobility in a Digital Economy
Purpose. The purpose of the article is to analyze the impact of the labor mobility of an employee on his competitiveness and propose measures to strengthen the competitiveness of Russian workers in conditions of mass introduction of digital technologies.
Methodology/approach. The competitiveness of employees is characterized by their ability to get ahead of their competitors in competition for jobs, career advancement and terms of employment. Among the factors that determine it, the potential for employee labor mobility is especially important. A positive relationship between the potential for labor mobility and the competitiveness of an employee is confirmed by the results of the study conducted by A.L. Mazin and A.A. Troitskaya.
Results. In the context of the digital economy development, the role of the employee’s labor mobility potential is not only growing, but also transforming. In the future, the high mobility potential will be manifested in a willingness to learn new specialties, acquire new knowledge and competencies, learn new professions, especially those that have not yet been mastered or mastered by less intelligent machines (computer algorithms). Russia is significantly behind in the development of the digital economy. The Russian government has developed a program for its development. In the coming years, it will become one of the priorities, and we need to prepare for the solution of labor market problems related to the competitiveness of workers in the digital era.
Recommendations. The article contains proposals aimed at improving the competitiveness of Russian workers in the new conditions. There are changes in the system of higher education. It is necessary to significantly strengthen the professional and social support of middle and senior workers (including pre-retirement) in the labor market.