Институты взаимодействия государственной власти и гражданского общества в Санкт-Петербурге и Нижнем Новгороде
The article is devoted to analysis of concepts reputation and reputation management in conditions of modern Russian political reality. The author tries to determine positions of reputation communications in political sphere of Russia, which have a goal of social trust (base of strong civil society) development.
The concept of civil society has taken on a new dimension in connection with the development of the sector of non-profit organizations, or "the third sector". Under the non-profit (third) sector is the collection of the (system of) population groups and organizations, do not put before ourselves the purpose of increasing personal income directly through participation in the work of such groups and organizations or through their ownership of (non-profit organisations or NGOs). The main function of such organizations is, to one degree or another, the expansion of the limits of freedom and empowerment of the population of authority, involvement of the public in the process of social change, the development of social protection.
There are analyzed the encountered in the title kinds of exploitation, uncovered its social danger and given the criminal legal characteristics, pointed out the ways of counteraction in the article. The author substantiates the conclusions concerning the freedom from such kinds of exploitation and the measures of combating encroachments on this freedom. There is shown the significance of the civil society institutions for the relevant areas of penal policy.
The article analyzes the partnership of government and institutions within social policy and public welfare. Models of social policy and types of welfare state are examined. A conclusion is made for indispensability of depicting effective and fair balance among public and state participants in regulating social needs substantiation, institutional enforcement of «rights and proxies» of social policy subjects.
"Facing Crises: Challenges and Opportunities Confronting the Third Sector and Civil Society" 9th International Conference of the International Society for Third Sector Research (ISTR) Istanbul, Turkey July 7-10, 2010