The paper summarizes the principal trends and outcomes of coping research in psychology and presents the results of 3 studies (N=590) aimed at Russian-language adaptation of the COPE inventory (Carver, Scheier, Weintraub, 1989). The results indicate the reliability and structural, convergent, and discriminant validity of the inventory. The structure of the test was supported by confirmatory factor analysis. Coping strategies showed predictable associations with subjective well-being, self-regulation, and personality resource indicators. Gender and age differences in self-reported coping strategy use are presented. Specific coping strategies were associated with academic performance, self-regulation effectiveness, and psychological well-being in people with disabilities.