An attempt to critically analyze the claims of the theory of self-organization of complex systems (synergetics) to the interdisciplinary generalizations and the universal efficacy of its models is made in the paper. The grounds of transfer of synergetic models to different disciplinary fields are under discussion. It is argued that synergetics is rather a mental scheme or a heuristic approach to exploring the complex behavior of systems, than a universal key to solving concrete scientific problems. Some prospects of development and the possible future of synergetics within the next decades are estimated.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Cellular Automata for Research and Industry, ACRI 2010, held in Ascoli Piceno, Italy, in September 2010. The first part of the volume contains 39 revised papers that were carefully reviewed and selected from the main conference; they are organized according to six main topics: theoretical results on cellular automata, modeling and simulation with cellular automata, CA dynamics, control and synchronization, codes and cryptography with cellular automata, cellular automata and networks, as well as CA-based hardware. The second part of the volume comprises 35 revised papers dedicated to contributions presented during ACRI 2010 workshops on theoretical advances, specifically asynchronous cellular automata, and challenging application contexts for cellular automata: crowds and CA, traffic and CA, and the international workshop of natural computing.
Some texts written by me together with corresponding member of the Russian Academy of science Sergei P. Kurdyumov (1928-2004) and under his direct ideological influence are collected in the book. These texts are elaborated, systematized, brought together in the book and supplemented with new materials. Sergei P. Kurdyumov were possessed of a deep metaphysical flair and put forward ideas, the matter of which are not fully clear up to now. These are, first of all, the idea of co-evolution and the notion of complex structures developing at different tempos as co-existing tempo-worlds. Owing to developments in the field of nonlinear dynamics and of synergetics, the classical problem of time and the problems of evolutionary holism disclose some new and non-traditional aspects. The matter of new notions of nonlinearity of the course of time in the processes of evolution and coevolution and of nonlinear links between different modi of time – between the past, the present and the future - come to the light in the book. Analyses of four interconnected aspects of the course of processes in open and nonlinear dissipative systems – of evolutionarity, temporality, emergent nature and holism – are carried out. A whole series of paradoxical notions, such as “the influence of the future upon the present”, “the possibility of touch of a remote future in praesenti”, irreversibility and elements of reversibility of the course of time appear in synergetics, non-traditional and nonlinear notion of time being at the heart of all of them. It is shown that the best pictorial view of the nonlinear time is apparently the tree of evolution or the tree of time that represent one of archetypes in the human psyche. This image is widely used in myths and religious doctrines of the world nations (the tree of evolution of languages from some united parent language or the tree of evolution of biological species), the image is often drawn by children, appears in consciousness of a man in his sleep, etc. The synergetics methodology under development is applied to study of cognitive systems. The emergent structures of evolution and of self-organization of the individual consciousness, their spatiotemporal peculiarities, and the complexity of the human Self are considered in detail. The radical changes in the understanding of the problems of time that occur due to synergetics are compared with images of time and with the notions of connection between the past, the present and the future in the history of philosophy and of culture. The obtained methodological inferences are of great importance for a reform of systems of education, for forecasting (for building of scenarios of future development), for effective management activity in the modern globalizing world, for elaboration of methods of stimulation of the creative thinking, for the growth of personality and its adequate building into the social media.
The work carried out simulations of cluster development. Based on game-theoretic approach to analyze the impact of the structure and profitability of the cluster in its evolution.
The global evolution of the world community as an integrated self-organizing and self-developing system is studied in the article; and some main features and laws of its evolution are exposed. The attention is focused on the consideration of cyclic character of evolution, of periods of the global history of mankind, of the growth of complexity and the birth of technological, social and cultural innovation as a result of passing through crises. This is an interdisciplinary research which relies upon the results of mathematical modeling. The models elaborated by Ivan M. Diakonov, Sergey P. Kapitsa, M. Kremer, Sergey P. Kurdyumov as well as the model of macroevolution of World-System developed by L.E. Grinin, A.V. Korotaev and S.Yu. Malkov are analyzed. The evolution of the world commonwealth is considered as a stage of the universal (global) evolutionary process starting from Big Bang and up to emergence of life, appearance of a human being. The development of World-System in a blow-up regime leads to the strongest stratification of society, to the strengthening of instability and unevenness of development of countries and territories, to disintegration of complex geopolitical structures, and to the threat of collapse of civilization. As a positive alternative, the authors discuss opportunities of management of the future and of the choice of a favorable path of development of mankind. These opportunities are based on the understanding of the principles of co-evolution of nature and mankind as well as of complex social and geopolitical structures.
Self-organization of electron-positron substance is considered in the problems of gammaelectronics (γ electronics), in which investigates the interaction between the electron and positron flows with electromagnetic fields in γ-wavelength range. In devices of gamma-electronics and microwave electronics important role play collective processes that allow organizing an optimal grouping of charged particles and efficient braking clots.
The monograph is devoted to the consideration of complex systems from the position of the end the 21st century. The considerable breakthrough in the understanding of complex systems is comprehensively analyzed. Such a breakthrough is connected with the use of the newest methods of nonlinear dynamics, of organization of the modern computational experiments. The book is meant for specialists in different fields of natural sciences and the humanities as well as for all readers who are interested in the recent advancements in science.