The impact of socio-economic factors on the Arctic sea ice cover
The Arctic sea ice is an essential element of the Earth's climate system. It regulates the regional balance of heat and fresh water, the subsequent circulation of the atmosphere and the ocean in the Arctic zone as well as in lower latitudes. The given article demonstrates how socio-economic factors affect the volume of the Arctic sea ice. It also provides the detailed analysis: the climate change assessment in the Arctic zone is presented and the role of various factors intensifying climate changes in the Arctic zone are considered. With the economic growth of the country, the consumption of the population increases and this fact affects the environment; as a result, industrial growth contributes to the increasing of the emissions of pollutants and greenhouse gases. Climate change is not a fiction and it is obvious that anthropogenic emissions have increased. The authors of the article associate the ecosystems of the Arctic zone with economic systems. The measures aimed at the development of the economy and the environment of the region are proposed. Applying new technologies Industry 4.0 will allow the economy to grow exponentially.