Types of Nodes and Centrality Measures in Networks
Game theory has recently become a useful tool for modeling and studying various
networks. The past decade has witnessed a huge explosion of interest in issues that
intersect networks and game theory. With the rapid growth of data traffic, from any
kind of devices and networks, game theory is requiring more intelligent transformation.
Game theory is called to play a key role in the design of new generation
networks that are distributed, self-organizing, cooperative, and intelligent.
This book consists of invited and technical papers of GAMENETS 2018,
and contributed chapters on game theoretic applications such as networks, social
networks, and smart grid.
In recent years, the strategic planning of spatial development is becoming increasingly important when making of critical decisions in management and economics. This paper deals with the issues of Russian and international researches in the field of system modeling implementation and how it can be used for support the process of spatial strategic planning in the context of theory of regional economic growth and development. The main goal of this paper is analysis the main domains or areas of system models applying. Scientific methodology of the research is based on system approach and comprehensive consideration of the processes of spatial strategic planning and modeling. Original contribution of the work is classification (typology) of models, used in spatial strategic planning.
This book is devoted to game theory and its applications to environmental problems, economics, and management. It collects contributions originating from the 12th International Conference on “Game Theory and Management” 2018 (GTM2018) held at Saint Petersburg State University, Russia, from 27 to 29 June 2018.
In recent years, the strategic spatial planning of regional development is becoming increasingly important when making critical decisions in management and economics. One of the advantages of scientific direction devoted to solving problems related to strategic management of spatial economic systems is its interdisciplinary nature and ability to take advantage of system analysis and synergetic effect in the study of a range of different fields of knowledge. Another distinguishing feature is the synthesis of conceptual categories and methodologies of public sciences, sociology, humanities and technical sciences. Frequently, such decisions involve using adequate system models and appropriate methodological approaches. Hereby, the role and importance of modeling are increasing, particularly in the creation of interdisciplinary databases and forecasting. It is theoretical and empirical study in equal measure. The scientific methodology of the research is system approach and comparative analysis, dynamic principle, and comprehensive consideration of the processes of spatial strategic planning and hybrid modeling. This paper deals with the issues of system modeling implementation and how system models can be used to support the process of spatial strategic planning (SSP) in the context of theory of regional economic growth and development. The main goal of this paper is analysis the main domains of system models application. The paper focuses on a particular group of models and modeling systems – hybrid intelligent models and systems that allow in conditions of uncertainty, incomplete initial data and complex interdependence between elements of investigated spatial regional economics system to evaluate the implications of realization of various scenarios of strategic spatial development. The original contribution of this work is the classification (typology) of models, used in spatial strategic planning of regions. This typology is determined by the models’ complexity and variety of application areas.
The work reveals the characteristic features of the contemporary American press, its structure, typology, the system of regulation and self-regulation of the press, the changes took place due to the development of Internet. The article also shows the today situation in the newspapers market of the USA, changes in the activity of the leading American newspapers.
This article is devoted to the study of the population’s ethnic structure in regions of Russia and former RSFSR (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic) as well as the temporal dynamics of major ethnic groups by means of mathematical and cartographic modelling. Integrated indicators are developed to estimate ethnic diversity in regions of Russia and former RSFSR (ethnic diversity index and its modification – ethnic diversity index adjusted for the ability to speak Russian), and cluster analysis is performed to offer typological classification of Russian regions based on their ethnic composition. Maps are created on the basis of the derived indicators and typological classification. Finally, the estimates of the share of major ethnic groups up to 2030 are provided.
Commonly in network analysis a graph (network) is represented by its adjacency matrix, and the latter may have an enormous order. We show that in many situations (generalizing the case of regular graph) a much smaller matrix (referred as type adjacency matrix) may be used instead. We introduce concepts of the types of nodes and of the type adjacency matrix, study properties of the latter and demonstrate some of its applications in social and economic network analysis. In particular, we consider centrality measures in undirected networks and dynamic patterns in a development model based on the structure of optimal paths in directed weighted networks.
This volume is a contribution to the typology of the category of aspect. Its aim is bringing forward new empirical data from languages not yet (widely) covered in typological aspectual investigations and to start or broaden their typological discussion. The articles in the paper are grouped in two sections. The first section is an account of aspectual systems of languages in four linguistic areas, including Europe, the Caucasus, Northeast Eurasia, and Africa and the Americas. The second section focusses on specific aspectual categories in individual languages or cross-linguistically.
The article examines cultural preconditions for search and classification of the types within theoretical psychology of personality. Special features of the European culture of thinking, cultural conditions of the historic emergence of the personality types, usage of the cultural experience for development of the authors' personality typologies as well as cultural determination and orientation of the personal traits are among them. The model of cultural and psychological typification of the personality relations based on the above preconditions is offered.