S&T Priorities for BRICS Countries: In Search of a Win-win Strategy
S & T priorities serve as a basis for the science of science, technology, and innovation (STI) policies by a country. Therefore, identification common priorities of S & T cooperation by BRICS increasingly important and meaningful. Drafting agendas understandable and acceptable to all BRICS countries requires comprehensively analysis of BRICS countries' socio⁃economic requirements, S & T potential, and priorities for S & T cooperation. In the beginning, this report elaborates the current state of BRICS S & T cooperation, from the perspectives of BRICS countries. R & D resources, international publications and their thematic structure BRICS collaboration. After that, it analyses BRICS countries’ potential of S & T development and priorities for possible S & T cooperation for three information sources, namely, results of bibliometric and patent analysis, official documents of BRICS countries on S & T cooperation (bilateral and multilateral), and strategic national documents on BRICS countries’ S & T development. Finally, it suggests 14 priority areas for BRICS countriesfuture S & T cooperation and approaches for facilitating such cooperation.