Профессиональная культура негосударственной социальной работы
The article is devoted to the analysis of the notions “social institute” and “creativity” in relations to the journalism activities. The authors make a conclusion that the mechanism of development of the social institute “journalism” is connected with the individual creative works of professionals.
The Routledge Companion to the Professions and Professionalism is a state-of-the-art reference work which maps out the current developments and debates around the sociology of the professions, and how they relate to management and organizations. Supported by an international contributor team specializing in the disciplines of organizational studies and sociology, the collection provides extensive coverage of this field of research. It brings together the core concepts and issues, and has chapters on all the key aspects of professions in both the public and private sectors, including issues of governance and regulation. The volume closes with a set of international case studies which provide valuable practical insights into the subject.
This article aims to identify the changes in institutions and discourses resulting from global/
local interaction in social work in today’s Russia. We consider the contribution of international
co-operation to the development of local institutions and discourses, focusing on emerging
discrepancies and contradictions between international and local actors. Based on a review of
relevant literature and mass media, survey data and interviews with social workers and managers
in an industrial region of Russia, we conclude that when global social work values are embedded
in local traditions, it can support the development of social work in Russia.
The professions and professionalism are a set of institutional practices that have adapted and changed in face of societal and economic transformations. The managerialist responses to current economic and financial crises coupled with developments in science and technology have all impacted on work organizations and labour markets - regionally and globally – and challenged our understanding of the professions and professionalism. The professions continue to capture our interest, for they have adapted and extended beyond their traditional base predominantly within the welfare state to also apply to new occupations and careers, including information and communication technologies, media and culture and human services. The concept of professionalism has also been subjected to a revision with the emphasis now more on responsibility and less on the traditional assumption of autonomy. This newer approach has particular relevance to the issues of governance and regulation and for our understanding of contemporary developments in organizational leadership and management. These changes are happening globally, raising questions around global and local knowledge and power. These developments are shaping the research on the new as well as established professions and led to a rethinking of our understanding of the professions and professionalism. This Companion aims to provide a prestigious reference work that will offer students, researchers and educators alike an introduction to current scholarship on the sociology of the professions including their relations to work organization and management. The Routledge Companion to the Professions and Professionalism will provide the state-of-the-art compilation that will map out the current developments and debates globally. This will be underpinned with a comparative history of the evolution in the theory and practice of the professions and professionalism and provide the basis for conclusions as to the main elements for the future research agenda
The paper introduces an analysis of the academic publications as a key indicator of the sociologist’s professional culture. The results of the empirical study that includes a comparative survey of 1829 research articles from top Russian and international sociological journals are presented. Based on quantitative indicators, the empirical evidence of the Russian sociological culture’s considerable lagging behind compared to international standards, was demonstrated. The most obvious gaps are observed in such areas as the structure of research articles; their theoretical and methodological background; diversity and transparency of research methods; sampling; and using of advanced methods of statistical data analysis. It is emphasized that Russian sociologists drop out from modern international trends for non-survey methods of data collection, and the language of Russian sociology is highly «normative» and ideologically-biased. The author concludes that the crisis in Russian sociology is mainly an endogenous process that can be described in terms of a «vicious circle of lack of professionalism».
The part is about professional culture.
The general aim of this thesis is to explore the gendered and classed nature of social work and social welfare in Russia to show how social policy can be a part of and reinforce marginalisation. The overall research question is in what ways class and gender are constructed in Russian social work practice and welfare rhetoric through Soviet legacies and contemporary challenges? In addition, which actors contribute to the constitution of social work values and how this value system affects the agency of the clients? This study focuses on contradictory ideologies that are shaped in discursive formations of social policy, social work training and practice. It is a qualitative study, containing fi ve papers looking at this issue from three different perspectives: policy and institutions, culture and discourse, actors and identity. The data collection was arranged as a purposive–iterative process. The empirical material consists of qualitative interviews with social work practitioners, administrators and clients, participant observations in social services and analysis of documents of various kinds.