La colonización rusa de América en el siglo XVIII: españoles y rusos en el Pacífico
This chapter examines the main causes and theories of Russian colonization of Siberia and Alaska, the first meetings between the Russians and the Spaniards in the Aleutian Islands, as well as the competition between Russia and Spain in the area of Upper California and Alaska in the second half of the 18th century.
The article concerns the problem of the Russian absolutist monarchy of the XVIII - the beginning of XX-th centuries in a comparative perspective. The social function of absolutism consisted in national integration, cultural unification and social transformation of traditional society by using of legal and coercive measures. The crucial problem is the changing role of the bureaucracy which could be the main protagonist of reforms or, just the opposite – its main opponent. From this point of view the author summarizes positive and negative aspects of absolutist reforms making outlook on the comparative experience of other absolutist empires of Europe and Asia.
This article discusses spatial changes in the ethnic territories of Native Siberians from the late nineteenth century to the early twenty-first century. A Geographic Information System (GIS) was developed to model and observe these changes. The GIS also features resource-oriented economic activities, major waterways and railroads. Analysis of the model, textual sources and statistical data made it possible to determine what factors constituted Siberia’s ethnographical pattern of the early twentieth century and led to its changes in the ensuing decades and what impact on the indigenous peoples these changes had. Four special maps showing Siberia in the 1900s–10s, 1930s–40s, 1970s–80s and 2000s–10s were produced from the GIS and are included in the article. The current legal status of the indigenous peoples’ territories was also examined. This article presents an interdisciplinary macroscale case study.
This book brings together contributions from a group of specialists from fields ranging from history to the history of political ideas and philosophy to analyze in comparative key the conquest and colonization of America. Comparisons ranging from the sixteenth to the nineteenth; covering the north and south, they include the look of missionaries and travelers and theorists cabinet that never set foot lands; collect the thought of native and foreign to those worlds; pay attention to philosophical and historical texts, diplomatic documents and private letters: the variety of documents that legitimized the processes of conquest and colonization of the New World.
This paper is timed to the 150th anniversary of the abolition of serfdom in Russia and dedicated to the heritage of A.P. Shchapov (1831-1876) - one of the distinguished historians and public figures of the epoch of «great reforms» of 1860s, a creator of zemstvo-regional conception of Russian history, who contributed significantly to federalistic and local history thought.
Esta publicación, de carácter académico, ofrece, de la mano de especialistas rusos y españoles, una visión de conjunto de la historia de las relaciones hispano-rusas —diplomáticas, económicas y científi co-culturales—. En sus páginas, se presta particular atención a las cuestiones relacionadas con la recepción cultural, al análisis de los paralelismos creativos en España y Rusia, a la historia del pensamiento, y a los temas artísticos. La edición es bilingüe y está dirigida tanto a especialistas del ámbito de las ciencias humanas y sociales, como a todos aquellos lectores interesados por las relaciones hispano-rusas.