The article presents the results of a study which was carried out on a Russian sample and dealt with a new sociopsychological construct «social axioms». The study showed that the universal structure of social axioms revealed by M. Bond and K. Leung in their cross-cultural studies is replicated on the Russian sample with some changes and it has certain specificity. In addition the authors have revealed some interrelations between the social axioms and the socio economic and sociopolitical beliefs of Russians.
Immigrant Youth in Canada is designed to help students gain a better understanding of the complexities, challenges, and opportunities of the immigrant and second-generation youth experience in Canada. Thirty-five Canadian researchers and practitioners offer strategies to respond to the challenges immigrant youth face, and explore ways to recognize the assets these youth bring to Canadian society.
This chapter summarises some results of the International Time Perspective Research Project, which is a collaborative cross-cultural study of time perspective carried out in 24 countries. The highlights of structural equivalence assessment study are presented, showing the cross-cultural invariance of 36 items of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI) scale. The associations between country-level ZTPI scores and other culture-level indicators, including Human Development Index, Hofstede’s cultural dimensions, are presented and discussed. Using hierarchical cluster analysis, 5 distinct profiles of time perspective were found (future-oriented, present-oriented, balanced, moderately fatalistic, and negative), and significant differences in the prevalence of these profiles across cultures were found. Implications and perspectives for future research are discussed.
The article reviews the results of the study on the interaction of values and socio-economic views of Korean and Russian students. The theoretical basis for the research is the works by Russian and foreign authors in social, economic and cross-cultural psychology, as well as in institutional and behavioral economy. The theory of individual values by S. Schwartz was used for the study on values (Schwartz et al., 2012), as well as some works on interaction of culture and economy (Weber, 1978; Hofstede, 1980; Furham, 1984; Inglehart, 1997; Zhuravlev, Kupreychenko, 2007; Lebedeva, Tatarko, 2011). The objective of the research was the detection of universal and culture-specific correlations between individual values and socio-economic views of Russian and Korean students. The subjects were students of 14 to 30 years of age (157 Koreans and 211 Russians), living in Seoul (Republic of Korea) and Moscow (Russia) correspondingly. Socio-psychological survey was administered with the method of “snowball”, the content of the questionnaires in two languages was identical. The Korean version of the questionnaire was translated and adapted in accordance with the requirements of cross-cultural psychology – Think-aloud (Ericsson & Simon, 1980; Someren, Barnard, Sandberg, 1994). The results of the survey were calculated with SPSS and AMOS (exploratory factor analysis and structural equation modeling). The research showed that there are universal correlations of values Openness to Change with Positive attitude toward competition and between Self-transcendence and Satisfaction with material status and Importance of money. Also cultural-specific correlation was found between the block of values Openness to Change and Positive attitude toward competition in Russians and Koreans – which was positive and negative correspondingly. The acquired results and findings of the research can be used in drafting of recommendations in the sphere of crosscultural business-consulting.
The book collects the papers, presented at the 4th International conference 'Theoretical problems of ethnic and cross-cultural psychology held by Smolensk University for Humanities, 30-31 May, 2014
The article presents a review of quantitative comparative cross-cultural studies on national identity conducted by psychologists during the last two decades. It considers the relation of theoretical and methodological grounds of these studies with the general agenda of the contemporary social psychology, interdisciplinary studies on nations and nationalism, and empirical resources of cross-national surveys. The relevant publications demonstrate the prevalence of descriptive approach in psychological studies, while sociology and political science mostly use the explanatory research approach on factors affecting the national identity. Nevertheless, the explanatory research results reveal the underestimated cross-cultural variability of correlations between national identity components and the correspondence of these components to essentially different cognitive mechanisms. To fulfil the potential of their discipline, cross-cultural psychologists studying national identity should explore relations of national identity with basic values and attitudes with paying a special attention to cross-level interaction effects and social dynamics.