Оценка эффективности института самоорганизации граждан по месту жительства
In a low level of civic engagement is the driver of socio-economic development of the country, it is important to pay attention to the evolution of the institutions of self-organization of citizens. The article presents the results of an analysis of factors that contribute to self-organization of residence in the community of territorial public self. Using econometric methods evaluated the effectiveness of such communities. Found that the main factor determining the effectiveness of community is social capital, and the main factor of self-organizing citizens' desire to receive funding from the government. Scientific work is based on data from a survey of heads of territorial public self-government and municipal employees of Kirov.
The 500th anniversary of one of the historic creative districts of the world, Bairro Alto, in Lisbon (Portugal) served as a catalyst for the publication of this interactive e-book. In a journey that starts in the heart of the Bairro, several authors and artists take us on a journey to different creative districts around the globe. Creative Districts around the world is a snapshot of the dynamic changes taking place in very different cities, such as London, New York, Johannesburg or Melaka.
The author of the article impugns the efficiency of consideration of productivity of activity of higher schools (universities) as a criterion of their development which is connected with the polysemy of understanding of the given term, the multi-purpose nature of the organization and the distinction of the subjects of the estimation of its efficiency. Simultaneously he believes that as the problem of development of science is assigned to universities in modern Russia it is necessary for the state as the only customer of preparation of scientists to show universities this order accurately and to give full state financing.
The article is devoted to the city pair of Blagoveshchensk (Russia) and Heihe (People’s Republic of China), the only city pair in Russian-Chinese borderland that describes itself with the term “twin-cities”. The current contribution reconstructs the history of appearance of the twin-cities concept in Russian-Chinese agenda. On the basis of interviews and questionnaires collected in the cities in question the paper examines specificity of understanding of “twin-cities” concept and its practical execution in the Asian context. Exploring the extent to which the twin-cities relations model is applicable to Russian-Chinese border cities, the author concludes that cooperation predominantly exists in a form of bilateral annual events in various spheres (culture, education, sport, etc.) and dialog between delegations of region’s/city’s representatives, not in a form of direct people-to-people or institution-to-institution cooperation. The lack of local initiatives to cooperate (almost zero-amount of initiatives not from region’s/city’s administrations) is named as a main drawback of Blagoveshchensk and Heihe relations. While planned character of cooperation makes the calendar of joint events stable and predictable, it also keeps Russian-Chinese cooperation staying on the ritual level and prevents it to become a necessary part of everyday life.
Proceedings of papers presented at the Joint Workshop on Borderlands Modelling and Understanding for Global Sustainability carried out under the auspices of three international associations of researchers: 1) ISPRS - International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing; 2) IGU - International Geographical Union; 3) ICA - International Cartographic Association.
Importance. Variety of forms of non-profit organizations, the strict legal requirement for purposes of the data according to business entities with their statutory goals causes difficulty in identifying possible to form and use the types of funding sources. Thus, the object of study in this article are the types of sources of funding for non-profit organizations prescribed by law as non-profit organizations.
Objective. The purpose of this paper is to systematize the types of sources financing of non-profit organizations on the existing forms of non-profit organizations at the legislative level. The main objectives are:
- The study of the possible types of sources of funding for nonprofit-profit organizations under civil, accounting and tax legislator-favored;
- Clarification of the conceptual apparatus of the study area;
- Grouping types of sources of funding NGOs in their fore-mothers.
Methods. The research methodology in this article is represented by such scientific methods of cognition as: analysis, synthesis, classification, logical method.
Results. The work was the preparation of, firstly, the author's classification of target financing of non-profit organizations according to the civil and accounting legislation, and secondly, the author's classification of sources of funding for non-profit organizations under the direction of their use, and thirdly, managing sources Financing for non-profit organizations in the context of statutory forms submitted by non-profit organizations;
Conclusions and Relevance. The proposed results of this article have practical value in the activities of non-profit organizations of any kind. Under the terms of the charter and the additional activities of NGOs, knowing the right to the options for the trust fund, and it is also true classifying sources of funding, non-profit organizations can avoid a number of problems in reporting for internal and external users.