The Afroeurasian world-system: genesis, transformations, characteristics.
The Afroeurasian world-system (AEWS throughout) is the largest world-system that in the period of its largest expansion (prior to its transformation into the planetary World-System), in the 13th – 15th centuries encompassed almost all the societies of Europe and Asia and a substantial part of African societies.
Issues of the origin and evolution of statehood are among those most important problems both for the analyses of cultural evolution and for political anthropology.
The method of obtaining dynamic graphic art objects using mathematics and information technologies is presented. Various technologies of graphic dynamic and interactive art objects based on the generated fractal images and software are considered. Results of information and mathematical computer experiments of Trubochkinf N.K. are analyzed:
- Art- video based on recording dynamic transformation of a fractal-image;
- Multilayer programmable animations (motion, color, transparency) fractals animations with internal layers of varying length, can be generated over a long recurring time image;
- Video art on the basis of three-dimensional fractals (dynamic and interactive).
The book is comprised of 24 studies examining the changes in values throughout the process of transformation in the post-communist countries and, in general, the questions of values, their conceptualization and research as well as their role in the process of transformation and stratification. The studies present a new concept of empirical sociological study of values, cultural resources in class reproduction and ideology, problems of hedonism, social trust, cohesion, historical and cultural tradition and many other aspects of development of value structure in post-communist societies.
The purpose of this article - to formulate approaches to the study of the market transformation.The Market is seen as governance mechanism under the uncertaintycondition. Transforming the market, the firm is able to discover and commercialize the advantage of resources, located outside its borders.
The process of globalization undoubtedly contributes to the changes and reduction of nomenclature and scope of state sovereign powers. At the same time this is a bilateral process: On the one side, the factors are strengthening that fairly undermine the countries` sovereignty, on the other – most states voluntarily limit the scope of their sovereignty including the right to use the capital punishment, nomenclature and size of taxation, the size of emission and borrowings etc. We believe that among the range of factors influencing the process of change of national sovereignty (including the technological and economical changes and the necessity to solve jointly a great number of issues), the factor of voluntary reducing of scope of sovereign powers to obtain an additional prestige and benefit appears to be of the utmost importance. At the same time the limiting of sovereignty inevitably leads to great changes in the policy patterns of states as well as of common people masses. So the problems of changes of functions and role of the modern state, in our view, must be among those of currant importance.
The global evolution of the world community as an integrated self-organizing and self-developing system is studied in the article; and some main features and laws of its evolution are exposed. The attention is focused on the consideration of cyclic character of evolution, of periods of the global history of mankind, of the growth of complexity and the birth of technological, social and cultural innovation as a result of passing through crises. This is an interdisciplinary research which relies upon the results of mathematical modeling. The models elaborated by Ivan M. Diakonov, Sergey P. Kapitsa, M. Kremer, Sergey P. Kurdyumov as well as the model of macroevolution of World-System developed by L.E. Grinin, A.V. Korotaev and S.Yu. Malkov are analyzed. The evolution of the world commonwealth is considered as a stage of the universal (global) evolutionary process starting from Big Bang and up to emergence of life, appearance of a human being. The development of World-System in a blow-up regime leads to the strongest stratification of society, to the strengthening of instability and unevenness of development of countries and territories, to disintegration of complex geopolitical structures, and to the threat of collapse of civilization. As a positive alternative, the authors discuss opportunities of management of the future and of the choice of a favorable path of development of mankind. These opportunities are based on the understanding of the principles of co-evolution of nature and mankind as well as of complex social and geopolitical structures.