103-я сессия Комитета ОЭСР по научно-технической политике
The article deals with the problems of interaction between science and technology, innovation and industrial policy in Russia. In spite of the substantial intensification of the state policy in establishing of the new elements of the national innovation system, the coordination between different policies continues to remain weak that leads to inefficient use of resources under tight budget constraints. The author offers a set of actions aimed at improving the coordination.
At the heart of this project is comprehensive Sociological research conducted in Russia by the Centre for Study of Civil Society and Non-Profit Sector, NRU HSE, with support from the Basic Research Program of the National Research University – Higher School of Economics. Using the methodology that parallels that of IAVE’s Global Corporate Volunteering Research Project, the research sample includes three groups of organizations that conduct employee volunteer programs.The results demonstrate that the workplace can be a conducive, safe environment within which workers can express their willingness, as private citizens, to help people in need and to address pressing human, social and environmental problems through volunteering and giving. Those who volunteer through their workplace are more actively involved generally in civil society – both as volunteers and in giving cash donations – than their colleagues who do not volunteer and than the general population.
The paper reports the results of the cognitive mapping procedure applied to a series of interviews with the reviewers of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research. The procedure can be qualified as a qualitative research method, which allows to produce a graphic representation of the cognitive content of the respondents’ speech. The interviews touched upon the criteria and methods used by the reviewers in evaluating research proposals, as well as the value basis of the Russian scientific community. Cognitive mapping was applied to 15 interviews, which allowed to conclude that the examined group possessed coincident beliefs in regard to the following themes: recognition of the crucial value of the information about the principal investigator for the review process; understanding basic research not so much as purely curiosity driven but as aimed at a distant practical goal, which is viewed as an argument for funding a wide range of different basic research topics; accentuation of the meaning of earnings and favorable work conditions as motivations to engage in science as opposed to purely creative and self-actualizing motives; accentuation of the emigration of young talented researchers or their choice to engage a different career path as a key problem of science in Russia.
We reviewed the output of research and innovation cooperation between Russia and the US, including publications and patents, in the four prospective areas of energy efficiency and renewable energy during 2007-2011. Joint US-Russia research groups appear to focus primarily on hydrogen energy (fuel cells), followed by solar photovoltaics. The upcoming areas of smart grid and biofuels were left out entirely both from research and innovation collaboration. Russian patents in green energy technologies registered in the US are very low in comparison to those from Japan, Korea, and China.