Was konstituiert universitäre Praxis in ihrem alltäglichen praktischen Tun – sei es im Rahmen ‚primärer Interaktionsformate‘ (wie etwa Seminare oder Vorlesungen) oder in anderen institutionalisierten Kontexten (wie z.B. Beratungsgespräche oder Sprechstunden)? Die Beiträge dieses Bandes gehen dieser Frage nach, indem sie die je lokalen Handlungslogiken von Praktiken rekonstruieren, in denen universitäre Ausbildung stattfindet. Sie untersuchen u.a. die spezifische Kultur universitärer Seminarkommunikation, Praktiken der Gruppenarbeit im Fallseminar, die Interaktionsspezifik universitärer Sprechstunden und mündlicher Prüfungen sowie studentische Praktiken der Prüfungsvorbereitung.
The aim of this paper is to investigate the impact of internal and external research collaborations on the scientific performance of academic institutions. The data are derived from the international SCOPUS database. We consider both quantity (the number of publications) and quality indicators (the field-weighted citation impact and the share of publications in the 10% most-cited articles) to evaluate universities' performance in some European countries (Germany, France, Italy, the UK and Russia). To this end, we develop a non-overlapping generations model to evidence the theoretical idea of research externalities between academic institutions. Moreover, we implement an empirical model to determine the extent to which the impact of internal and external collaborations on universities' performance is sensitive to the geographical dimension of the data.
Highlights • The paper investigates the impact of internal and external research collaborations on the scientific performance of academic institutions. • It highlights the importance of both quantity (the number of publications) and quality indicators (the field-weighted citation impact and the share of publications in the 10% most-cited articles) to evaluate universities' performance. • It explores universities' performance in Germany, France, Italy, the UK and Russia for the period 1996–2015. • Empirical findings show that international collaborations help universities' quality index but the results are differentiated by groups of countries.
The article is devoted to history of thinking of the Russian university past under changing conditions. The authors believe that development and expension of university genres and description discourses is an evidence of transformation of university studies from glorious texts to scholarship. «Big» and «small» narratives of the university past are scrutinized as different versions of the group self-description and self-identification.
This paper reviews two collective volumes on the role of university jubilees in shaping academic and national identities in nineteenth-century Europe. Both books are edited by Pieter Dhondt. The paper concludes that the fact that jubilees are ceasing to be a condition for writing university histories and are themselves becoming the subject of scientific inquiry is heartening. When university history aims to attain the level of other scientific trends, specialists will have to come up not only with new methodologies and approaches but also with a functional conceptual apparatus that would render the idiom of university studies more professional.