Construction d'un passé utile: Alexandre le Grand, les empereurs Auguste et Constantin, protecteurs de Moscou
The article demonstrates different ways of creating and evolving of suitable past used by Russian bookmen in 16th and 17th centuries.
The paper examines the history of dissemination in 14th-17th centuries in different european countries (especially in Eastern Europe), of one curious text, known as the "Privilege of Alexander the Great for the Slavs." Particular attention was given to the specifically Russian version of this text appeared in the latter half of the XVI century.
This book on changing narratives of Russian history will trace cultural mythologies from the period when the Russian Empire was created, during the reign of Ivan IV (1547-1584), to its fall in 1905. The boundaries of our discussion are two seminal works: the Muscovite Book of Royal Degrees, produced between 1555 and 1564 in the Moscow metropolitans’ workshop, and the Course on Russian History (1904-1911), written by Vasilii Kliuchevskii, the most authoritative figure among Russian historians before the Bolshevik Revolution. Among the other authors whose views on Russian history have made major contributions in this area and founded schools are Vasilii Tatishchev, Nikolai Karamzin, and Sergei Solov’ev. We will also look at the narratives produced by foreign historians, some at the request of Russian institutions and others composed to give readers in their native lands a sense of Russian history.
Quale può essere la coscienza politica comune ai cittadini dell’Europa? Quali sono gli elementi culturali e i valori socio-politici che costituiscono il nucleo fondamentale di tale coscienza politica e culturale comune? In che misura gli elementi e i valori comuni di fondo si coniugano e si articolano con una pluralità di storie e di percorsi culturali variegati in Europa? A queste domande di grande attualità politica e culturale risponde il presente volume che presenta un ricco materiale di ricerche effettuate a livello europeo. Un libro di grande interesse per storici, geografi, insegnanti, studenti universitari, giornalisti e per tutti coloro che vogliono maturare la loro conoscenza e sensibilità dell’Europa comune.
The historiography of the XXIst c., which had been shaped by the influence of the so-called cultural turn, created a new field of research 'the history of historical culture'. This book presents a study of historical culture where the latter is approached through the synthesis of social, cultural and intellectual history. Intellectual phenomena have been placed in broad context of social experience, historical mentality and general intellectual processes. How did people view events (of their own lives, or of the life of their groups, but also of History) which they took part in? How did they evaluate them? How did they record and transmit information about those events while interpreting what had been seen or lived through? These questions are of great interest. Subjectivity combined with this information reflects views of a social group or of the society as a whole, but at the same time it shows cultural and historical features of its time.
The article follows the changing images of Jan Hus und the Hussites in Rusian Empire, the Soviet Union and postsoviet Russs
The empirical data of this article include interviews with 21 families, which were collected in 1992–1994 in Moscow in the project «Paths of generations in Russia». Basing on secondary analysis, we constructed families’ trajectories of housing mobility and classifi ed them into three types: professional moves, educational moves, and unstable housing situation caused by war evacuations.