От конгресса к конгрессу: Материалы второго всероссийского конгресса фольклористов. Сборник докладов
The article analyzes contexts in which the lexeme soul is used. Three collections of spiritual verses are examined. They contain texts recorded at different time (XIX – XXI centuries), in different regions and in different milieu (oral and written). The comparison of a large number of contexts in which the word soul is a subject and an object, as well as combinations of lexeme soul with attributives demonstrates a specificity of texts in different collections, depending on the differences in their environments (the old believers – Orthodox) and oral/written form of their translation. Thus, in oral verses known in orthodox environment a soul is often endowed with "corporeality": in addition to the sins, which are usually attributed to the soul, it can take away milk from cows, crop from someone's field, drinks, eats, etc. In later verses soul may hang itself, and even not to care about its soul (sic!). The transfer of properties of a living person and sins of his body on a soul, that is beyond of an ordinary use of widespread metaphors, gives to a soul some physical characteristics, but is possible only in later texts from the oral tradition, recorded in the orthodox (non old believers) environment.
Yanagita Kunio is the most titled Japanese humanities scholar: he was posthumously awarded the Order of the Morning Sun and was awarded the 3rd senior court rank. Encyclopedic dictionaries certify Yanagita as a "scientist", the founder of Japanese ethnology. In its formation, Yanagita really played a significant organizational role, he is the author of many works, which are commonly called "ethnological". However, in the minds of the general reader, his name is associated primarily with the folklore collection Tales of Tono compiled by him (Tono Monogatari, 1910). During the life of the author, "Stories" did not gain much popularity, but subsequently turned from a peripheral text into a "visiting card" of the famous scientist. At the same time, in the creation of the all-Japanese cult of Tales from Tono, the main role was played not by scientists, but by writers.
Balkanskie chteniya 13 deals with the 'beginning' concept in the Slavic-Balkan traditions
The article deals with the reflection of the Church Slavonic language and single church slavicisms in folkloric and parafolcoric (i. e. non-folkloric, but used in some folkloric rites) texts. Usually, slavicisms are deliberately or unwillingly distorted by performers who do not understand the liturgical language. Often, distortions completely desemantisize single lexemes or the entire church slavonic text, that becomes glossolalia. This does not confuse the performers, since it is believed that the sacred text should not and can not be fully understood. At the same time, there is another trend: slavicisms are being distorted with means of paronymic attraction. Words is filled with a new meaning according to a situation of texts performing or to a wider historical or cultural context. Thus, we have a twofold relation to the Church Slavonic: refusal to understand in favor of attributing them a sacred status or changing its meaning with a new actual one.
The article deals with the problems of studying folk hagiography, a complex of peasants’ written and oral texts, which contain information about saints or revered non-canonized devotees and express the very specifics of the popular understanding of holiness. The first half of the article discusses the phenomenon of folk hagiography, defines the range of folklore genres, reflecting folk beliefs about saints, and investigates the mechanisms of interaction between the written and oral traditions. The second half analyzes texts and religious practices related to the folk worship of the non-canonized elder Judas Koneschelsky (Archangelsk North). There are following sources for the study of this cult: judicial documents of the turn of the 19th and the 20th centuries, a peasant’s diary of the turn of the 19th and the 20th centuries, local priests’ notes from that time, and field data, collected by folklorists at the beginning of the 21th century. On the basis of these sources, the authors, considering a specific case, make an attempt to study the mechanisms of functioning of folk hagiography. A large time span between the early and late data records and various texts about Judas make it possible to trace evolution of this cult.
The educational textbook in an accessible form is given to the representation of such complex issues as the nature of myth and features of mythological mentality. The myth is considered in comparison with some of the genres of folklore (fairy tale, legend) and in connection with the pagan ritual. In the Appendix to the book includes works of the classics of Russian folklore and Ethnography (F.I. Buslaev, A. N. Afanasiev, A. N. Veselovskii, A. A. Potebnia, D. K. Zelenin, V. Ya. Propp, V. N. Toporov, etc.). The book is intended for high school students, who are interested in the problems of Philology, And may be used by them in their own creative work. The book will be interesting for teachers of literature.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.