IV Российский экономический конгресс «РЭК-2020». Том XV. Тематическая конференция «Экономика культуры» (сборник материалов)
The relevance of support for creative industries is due to the increased attention of the state and society to the development of human capital and to increase Russia's international competitiveness in the knowledge economy. In recent decades, the concept of human capital has expanded significantly, and World Bank experts include the expenditures of the state and families on education, health and culture. The challenges facing the Russian economy at the current stage are due to the emerging negative trends of the outflow of highly skilled young professionals to countries with the possibilities of applying for work in the sphere of creative industries and creative self-fulfillment. Russia's international image degrades to the image of a third world country that is a supplier of raw materials, not unique brands, technologies and knowledge. On this basis, assessing the economic potential of the cultural sphere and the prospects for the development of Creative Industries in Russia is an urgent task.
Due to the threat of the spread of COVID-19 in accordance with Federal Law No. 68-FZ of December 21, 1994 "On protection of population and territories from natural and man-made emergencies" in the first quarter of 2020 a high alert regime was introduced in the subjects of the Russian Federation. In accordance with the Decrees of the President of Russia from March 30 till May 8, 2020 there were established days-off with preservation of the employees' wages. At the same time, back in March 2020 Rospotrebnadzor decided on the requirement to limit the holding of mass events, including those in the sphere of culture. These measures could not but affect the functioning of cultural organizations, since, in fact, their activity during this period, as well as the subsequent period of the gradual coming out of the self-isolation regime, was actually blocked.
In order to assess the economic consequences for the sphere of culture, the dynamics of the budget financing indicators was analyzed, the expenditures of households for recreation and cultural events were considered, as well as the changes in the structure of the number of employees of cultural organizations by forms of part-time employment were investigated.
In order to broaden our understanding of the ongoing situation directly within cultural institutions, a qualitative study was conducted a sociological survey of the heads of cultural institutions of various types, located in both large cities and small towns and in rural areas from all federal districts, which showed the range of opinions and assessments about the impact of the pandemic on their activities.
Based on the results of the study, proposals were made for the development of alternative options for the provision of services.