This book makes available to Russian readers an important document of early medieval literacy: the anonymous Salernitan Chronicle. It was written after 970, by a Langobard historian, probably a benedictin monk, in prose and verses, in Campania, and narrates facts of history of Langobards, Franks, the Papacy and Byzantium from 8th to 10th century. The author was well informed of intricated politics of the most “dark” of all medieval centuries. But more than that, it is an astonishing monument of middle Latin, in its south-Italian variant, which this first translation into a modern language a real puzzle, a scholarly chalenge. A detailed historical and literary introduction leads the reader into the poetics of early medieval historical narrative, as well as into general lines of south-italian history.