Политическая система Российской империи в 1881 – 1905 гг.: проблема законотворчества
The author researches the key problems of the formation of the Russian-speaking Diaspora in a separate poly-ethnic region. The major trends of the adaptation of the Russian-speaking Diaspora in Finland have been studied as well.
In the article the analysis of the situation which developed in Russia at the beginning of the XX century and attempts of the imperial power to prevent the approaching catastrophe which were connected with the realization of the idea of representation of the people is given. The attitude of the last Russian emperor to the idea of formation of representation of the people is shown.
The article outlines new contracts, regulating social relations on railway transport in the light of the current structural reform of this mode of transport. The aim of this reform is to provide a smooth economically sound transition of the natural monopolist - the railway service - to the market economy environment. However, the implementation of the reform has been downplayed. This can be explained by the fact that Russian Railways (RZD) have been maintaining their functions as the carrier while simultaneously handling the infrastructure facilities as the proprietor of both the infrastructure per se and the rolling stock. In the current laws these functions are to be executed by different subjects on a contractual basis, what has been shown in the paper. New contracts mentioned in the article must get legal framework in relation to other modes of transport.
Author reviews Russian legal system based on The Russian Constitution (1993) and also considers functioning of basic political institutions and others associated with them. At the same time author analyses reasons of unsatisfactory functioning of particular institutions from the point of view of the Constitution. In particular, author estimates constitutional status of Russian President and reveals his unproportional impact on other political and even civil societies institutions.