Procedings of the 13th European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship
These proceedings represent the work of contributors to the 13th European Conference on Innovation and
Entrepreneurship (ECIE 2018), hosted this year by the University of Aveiro, Portugal on 20-21 September 2018.
The Conference Chair is Professor Carlos Costa and the Programme Co-Chairs are Dr. Manuel Au-Yong-Oliveira
and Dr. Marlene Paula Castro Amorim.
ECIE is now a well-established event on the academic research calendar and now in its 13th year the key aim
remains the opportunity for participants to share ideas and meet the people who hold them. The scope of
papers will ensure an interesting two days. The subjects covered illustrate the wide range of topics that fall
into this important and ever-growing area of research.