Миграционные процессы и их влияние на демографическое и социально-экономическое развитие Дальнего Востока: сборник трудов II Международной научно-практической конференции, 4-5 июня 2018 г.
The article analyzes the features of modern demographic development of Russian regions. It is shown that in the conditions of the narrowed reproduction regime, which is typical for the majority of the Russian regions, migration outflow becomes an additional barrier for the implementation of regional programs of social and economic development. The deformation of the age and sex structure of the population, which occurred over the last quarter of a century, has led to qualitative and quantitative changes in the labor potential of the Russian regions. This, in turn, is reflected in the already marked shortage of specialists in a number of sectors of the national economy. In this situation, international migration remains essentially the only source of population replacement. The paper highlights the positive and negative consequences of international migration for Russian regions.
The article deals with migration issues in the border regions of Siberia and the Far East. It was found that the main factor in the decline in the population in these regions was the domestic migration outflow of the population, mainly to the central and southern regions of Russia. It was revealed that international labor migration as a whole has a positive impact on the economy of the border regions. Based on the system of statistical indicators, the index of migration attractiveness of the border regions of Siberia and the Far East was calculated. According to the migration statistics, indices of migration substitution depth were calculated in the regions under consideration.