Похвала щедрости, чаша из черепа, золотая луда... Контуры русско-варяжского культурного взаимодействия
The Varangian contribution to the formation of the ancient Russian state is highly evaluated in the national scholarly tradition, more specifically, there are practically no doubts about the Scandinavian origin of the Rurik dynasty. However, there is a certain contradiction in the so-called Varangian problem: given a huge body of archaeological data unambiguously confirming the active Varangian presence in Rus in the 10th–11th centuries, we can only have at our disposal a very limited amount of the linguistic traces of ethnic and cultural connections between Russians and Scandinavians at that time.
This book presents an attempt at the historical and philological study in the field of the cultural contacts between Scandinavia and Rus before the very end of the Viking age. The image of the ideal ruler, the practice of gift exchange, the concepts of the status and inheritance rights of illegitimate children, a narrative about ancestors as a way of characterizing descendants, and similarities between personal names, nicknames and solemn eulogies — these are, to name just a few, the intense points of this interaction which became the focus of our study.
The article considers four approaches to the interpretation of images and mythologems from the sphere of Western esotericism in mass culture. The first approach is based on the depth psychology of C. G. Jung and aims to identify archetypes common to the whole culture. The second is based on the reductionist theories of Marx and Freud, its main task is to reduce religious imagery to social and psychological realities. The third approach is represented by C. Partridge theory of occulture, in which the emphasis is made on tracing the historical genesis of esoteric imagery in modern culture. The fourth approach is expressed in the writings of J. Kripal, it synthesizes the historicism of the theory of occulture with the understanding of mass culture as a way of self-knowledge, revealing the deep spiritual essence of man
This book comprises a collection of essays on vital problems of art history seen as the practice of reviving of meanings related to the visual reality of the past. Here the model for the investigator has een Ernst Gombrich, the art theorist, as well as art historian, whose scholarly discourse is truly creative. Gombrich revealed the performative core of any kind of scholarly knowledge. Gombrich's work and personality, and also the story of his relationships with Popper, Warburg, Panofsky, Mitchell, Preziosi, Wind and many others, give us insight in research as interpersonal communication in the variety of conceptual contexts, which causes specific illusive effects resembling the illusion which is usually considered typical of visual arts exclusively.
The book will be useful to specialists in esthetics, psychology and philosophy, and to all interested in art and its interpretation.
Mayakovsky’s words ‘It’s Time, Forward!’ better than any political slogans, reflect the atmosphere in which Soviet cultural policy emerged. This book aims to declare a special preserve and methodological perspective for the study of Soviet cultural history. In it Soviet society is considered as a space of radical projecting and experimentation in cultural policy, which was far from homogeneous, often multidirectional, and sometimes chaotic and contradictory. It was a unique historic example of government intervention in the cultural sphere. The authors attempt to evaluate the social viability of institutions which formed in Russian society, both thanks to and in spite of Soviet cultural policy, and to assess the consequences of the decline and fall of some of those same institutions.
The book targets a wide audience, including culture researchers, sociologists, political scientists, historians, and anyone interested in Soviet history and culture.
The article is devoted to the problem of or- ganization of a productive dialogue between represent- atives of different sciences during the comprehensive interdisciplinary research of man in the context of tra- ditional culture. The prerequisites to the given prob- lem statement have been formed during a long-term experience of joint field studies made by the authors in Russia (Adygea, Russian North, Bashkiria, Buryat- ia, Kabardino-Balkaria, North Ossetia, Khakassia, Ya- kutia and other regions) and Mexico, as well as through the analysis of relevant results of academic and re- search work. As a solution of the given task, the authors develop the methodological construction “metaposi- tion” that allows to approach to complexity and inter- disciplinarity of research through the principle of dia- logue in the common sociocultural field. Metaposition as a technology of organization of polyprofessional co- operation of different experts in a common research space is aimed at development of scientists’ skills of fix- ation, systematization and representation of the re- sults of their work taking into account positions of their colleagues from other subject areas. Realization of this technology leads to creation of a metalanguage and to widening of researcher’s scientific culture (theoreti- cal frames of each expert, style of their scientific reason- ing and personal qualities). The development of meta- position as a stable system of cooperation between different positions of researchers suggests three inter- related stages: defining the research’s common field; re- vealing the borders of scientific positions; constructing the interpositional dialogue. Opportunities of applica- tion of the methodological construction “metaposition” at different stages of field research (before the field, at the field, after the field, during analysis of the field data) are concretized through a relevant algorithm and sup- ported by examples from the field practice.
This article examines the role of archivists in shaping the capacity and the structure of a university’s memory. Drawing on sources such as laws and ministerial instructions, the authors analyze the government’s archive policy with regard to universities and how professors and archivists were taking part in its implementation. Their participation included sorting documents and attributing them to individual ‘cases’, destroying some of the ‘unnecessary’ documents and preserving others that were designated for destruction. Based on information from service records and university reports, the article tracks changes in the corporate status of university archivists in nineteenth-century Russia.
The present article continues the investigation of the Soqotri verbal system undertaken by the Russian-Soqotri fieldwork team. The article focuses on the so-called “weak” and “geminated” roots in the basic stem. The investigation is based on the analysis of full paradigms (perfect, imperfect and jussive) of more than 170 “weak” and “geminated” Soqotri verbs.