ПСИХОЛОГИЯ МЕЖГРУППОВЫХ ОТНОШЕНИЙ. Учебник для бакалавриата и специалитета
Purpose. The scientific novelty of this work lies in its emphasis on the theoretical and empirical study of the organizational and socio-psychological determination of collective mindfulness, which is traditionally given the role of a reference point in the study of management practices that allow teams and organizations to operate in an almost “error-free” mode in conditions of uncertainty. Methodology. Tools for studying the level of collective mindfulness and its socio-psychological and organizational determinants within teams and enterprises are being proposed. Overall, 402 managers (201 men and 201 women) aged 23 to 45 years participated in the survey: 144 managers were from consulting sphere (39 men and 105 women), whereas 88 people from the information technology sphere (65 men and 23 women) and 170 people from the oil and gas industry (97 men and 73 women). Findings. The processes of collective mindfulness are determined by the degree of organizational collectivism within the organizational cultures of the enterprises studied (r vary from .529 to .627 at p < .001) and are determined by the support of management and colleagues (r vary from .522 to .613 for p < .001 and p < .01). It should be noted that despite the respondents’ high scores on the scales of “collective mindfulness”, the subjects scored low scores on the scales of “team reflexivity”, which may indicate the unwillingness of employees to participate in reflexive practices, despite the presence of the necessary organizational conditions. Values of the results. This paper should also function as an invite for further research along this line. To become a really valuable tool tough, further improvements in the methodology would be required. This could be an interesting field for psychologists and sociologists alike.
У збірнику Київського міжнародного університету й Інституту соціальної та політичної психології НАПН Украіни представлені результати теоретично-методологічних та експериментально-пошукових досліджень у різних галузях психологічної науки і психологічної практики. Авторами збірника є науковці, викладачі, докторанти, аспіранти, магістранти, співпошукачі, практичні працівники
The textbook introduces the basic concepts, principles, issues and practical methods of social psychology, forms and skills required in professional work-practice psychologist. The book also analyzes the objectives, values and attitudes of a psychologist, professional assisting individuals and groups of people. The textbook contains modern research and practical techniques of social psychology, it covers different directions and approaches. The theoretical position clearly illustrated by examples; Each chapter is provided with practical exercises for better assimilation of the material and fixing methods of use of psychological skills. The book will be useful to students of humanities, graduate students, teachers and practicing psychologists.
Purpose. The article presents an analysis of approaches to the definition and operationalization of the concept of group resilience in organizations. The relevance of the study is due to the reduction in the life cycle of companies in the market, the need to take into account the long-term consequences of group decisions and the growing responsibility of teams in the organization to large social groups, the need to study the structure and factors of group resilience as a socio-psychological phenomenon that allows teams to remain effective in a risk society. Methodology. The tools for studying small groups resilience and its socio-psychological and organizational factors are being analyzed. Findings. An actual state of the scientific problem is described. Different concepts of small groups and organizational resilience are compared. The directions for further research are proposed. Implications for practice. The analysis carried out could serve as a basis for development of a valid instrument. Value of the results. The insights into the scientific problem of small group resilience within the organizations should still be provided in the further research. At the present moment, there is a shortage of the valid psychometric tools.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.