Индикаторы цифровой экономики: 2017: статистический сборник
In this Chapter the ILO approaches to electronic employee records keeping is analysed as well as the regulatory approaches to this issue in EAEU and BRICS countries.
This article is devoted to the questions to the notions “digital economy,” “digital asset”, “Big Data.” It provides the reader on the view’s resident in economic and legal doctrines as to the notions of “digital asset” and “Big Data.”
The purpose of this article is to investigate the legal nature and legal regime of the digital assets, big data.
It should be stressed that “Big Data” is a property complex including a group objects with different legal nature, which has a common aim. The aim of this property complex is combined (connected) this group objects (elements of the complex) into one object of civil law. This object of civil law has features tradability and it involves specific methods, forms and means to protect the rights of its owner.
The following conclusions are drawn that Big Data consist in 1) information, which conclude “raw data” and the results of processing of “raw data” (which may be including materialized form), 2) property rights (for example, intellectual rights of the electronic computers programs, database). Moreover, it is stressed that the feature of this property complex is the value (for individuals or society) not only itself, but also the elements of such a complex
This article is devoted to the questions to the notions “digital economy”, “digital asset”, “tokens”. It analyzes economic and legal doctrines, legislations and law drafts on this sphere. There is no one approach to notions of “digital economy”, “digital asset”, “token” in the legal and economic doctrine, and in the legal practice. A mention should be made that difficulties of the perception of the token is due to the fact that its visible legal form hides various objects of civil rights. As a result, there is a question of possibility/impossibility to include these different objects in one. In conclusion the author proposes to use the construction “property complex” in relation to tokens. Utilization the construction “property complex” to tokens shows the specifics of it and unifies its legal regime.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.