Математический анализ. Базовые понятия
Theorems of existence and uniqueness of Cauchy’s problem solution for systems of nonlinear functional and differential equations are proved. During the proof of the theorems the positivity of the Cauchy’s matrix corresponding linear system is used essentially.
This journal publishes the mathematics section of Series I of the Vestnik (Herald) of St. Petersburg University, and is one of the oldest Russian mathematics journals in English translation. Articles cover the major areas of pure and applied mathematics.
Many famous mathematicians are associated with the Faculty of Mathematics and Mechanics at St. Petersburg University, including Chebyshev, Lyapunov, Alexandrov, Smirnov, Kantorovich, to name a few. Today, mathematics/mechanics faculty members continue the excellent tradition in mathematics associated with the University and the Vestnik is the prime outlet for their research results.
The paper addresses the on-line teaching of Calculus using webMathematica interactive electronic tutorials developed by the author. The tutorials are available on the web site http://wm.iedu.ru. It is obvious that e-learning technologies need new pedagogy. It is usually called e-pedagogy. We share and realize the main pedagogical principle of webMathematica based learning. The principle is laid out as follows. To teach mathematics not calculation or math not equal calculating.
In order to reduce the Gibbs phenomenon exhibited by the partial Fourier sums of a periodic function, discontinuous in 0, Driscoll and Fornberg considered so-called singular Fourier-Padé approximants constructed from the Hermite-Padé approximants. Convincing numerical experiments have been obtained by these authors, but no error estimates have been proven so far. In the present paper we study the special case of Nikishin systems and their Hermite-Padé approximants, both theoretically and numerically. We obtain rates of convergence by using orthogonality properties of the functions involved along with results from logarithmic potential theory. In particular, we address the question of how to choose the degrees of the approximants, by considering diagonal and row sequences, as well as linear Hermite-Padé approximants. Our theoretical findings and numerical experiments confirm that these Hermite-Padé approximants are more efficient than the more elementary Padé approximants, particularly around the discontinuity of the goal function.