The article examines key trends of the nowadays politics, economics and ideology from the point of view of the strategy of sustainable development. The authors analyze such phenomenon as the development of conceptual models of Post-capitalism, the decline of the middle class and liberal democracy, the crisis of ideologies and the rise of pseudo-ideology - populism. One of the central conclusions of the article is that the classical model of sustainable development proposed by the UN 30 years ago, including ecology, economics and social sphere, is no longer able to cover the whole complexity of what is happening. It should include at least two components - politics and ideology. In this case, we can talk about the formation of a multidimensional and favorable environment for moving towards the goals of sustainable development. Otherwise, the implementation of any global strategies (including the sustainable development) in socially fragmented, de-ideologised, crisis-ridden social systems seems unrealistic. In the context of sustainable development, the crisis of global governance, as well as the phenomenon of the integration systems that can assert themselves in the global space of political power, is rethought. From the point of view of science methodology, there is a need for further convergence between humanitarian disciplines studying sustainable development.
The Arctic sea-ice reached record lows in 2007, and again in 2012. In the international news media, these moments were reflected via striking images of polar bears, crumbling icechunks and the use of more alarmist metaphors about global climate change. Through these narratives, and despite the periodic disappearance of climate change from media reports due to issue fatigue, a sharper narrative of climate change has entered public discourse: a new global reality where the future is no longer a given. Going beyond media studies as well as descriptive or highly scientific accounts of the impacts of climate change in the Arctic, this book explores how both historical and contemporary mediations, scientific narratives and satellite technology simultaneously capture and reconstruct this new reality of the Anthropocene, where human activities shape the planet. By highlighting the linkagesbetween science, media, environmental change and geopolitics, the informed contributors to the volume invite the reader to reflect on what is local and what is global in today's connected mediatized world.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.