Образ мира и образ жизни
Relationship holistic perception of the world and the system of activities of subject
18 methods of psychosemantics and psychology of subjective semantics. Image of the world as a system of meanings
Collection of articles on the impact on the thinking of subjectivity
The specificity of the world image and lifestyle based on the schemes for exemine the image of the world and life and their professional specifics are described
New scheme for psychological component of activity description as an integral description of specifi city of world image in all and life style of professional is proposed. This scheme amplifi es the existing ones and makes it possible to fi ll the description with psychological content. There are no analogous descriptions in foreign publications.
The article identifies and justifies the distinction between subjective and event-driven approach in psychology way of life of the individual. Position disclosed approaches to key issues of psychology way of life: determination and self-determination, the lifetime of the person, life development and maturity. Outlines possible prospects for cooperation and integration approaches.
On the basis of the author's methodological scheme "image of the world - a way of life" and the image of the world of models and lifestyle professional, regional and ethno-cultural features of the way of the world and way of life are described. The scheme for following description are offered/
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.