Награда как социальный феномен. Введение в социологию наградного дела
The award is an ancient phenomenon of the human society, like the gift. However, while there are many books are written about the gift we cannot establish the same fact about the award. Previously, the awards were the subject matter mainly for the historians, interested for faleristics. The author of this book – sociologist, candidate of philosophy, adjunct professor at the chair for cultural studies of the philosophy department of the Higher School of Economics – suggests a philosophical-sociological view on the award which allows to reveal its social-anthropological nature. The author claims that the social essence of the award lies in all kinds of power, authority and dominance relations, above all, in the influence of authority by means of social-communicative generalized codes. In contrast to the specialists in faleristics, the author considers the award as a symbolic form which is filled with the historical changeable sociocultural meanings. The award symbolizes first of all the authority and the legitimacy of the officials; the dignity of the awarded person and its public status; the present social-ethical virtues and the patterns of the social-significant actions (public conduct, way of life). The award systems turn out to be languages of the second level overbuilt on the natural usual languages and communications, and the award signs and badges being the second-order political-cultural symbols. In this regard, the award is a social-communicative symbolic means of the transmission and the translation of the authoritative messages with the reciprocal contingent selectivity. The author puts forward an idea of a new direction of the interdisciplinary social research – the sociology of award affairs. It touches upon the subject area of such disciplines, as philosophy, ethics, sociology, political science, jurisprudence, history, semiology, as well as political, social and cultural anthropology. The author considers his treatise as a conceptual introduction which has to invite attention of the scholars to the comprehension of a new actual of the social life. The book is intended for the broad sections of the educated public.