Российская гендерная история с «юга» на «запад»: прошлое определяет настоящее: [Текст] : материалы Шестой международной научной конференции РАИЖИ и ИЭА РАН, 3–6 октября 2013 года, Нальчик
Nikolai Charushin's memoirs of his experience as a member of the revolutionary populist movement in Russia are familiar to historians, but A Generation of Revolutionaries provides a broader and more engaging look at the lives and relationships beyond these memoirs. It shows how, after years of incarceration, Charushin and friends thrived in Siberian exile, raising children and contributing to science and culture there. While Charushin's memoirs end with his return to european Russia, this sweeping biography follows this group as they engaged in Russia fin de siecle society, took part in the Russian revolution, and struggled in its aftermath. A Generation of Revolutionaries provides vibrant and deeply personal insights into the turbulent history of Russia from the Great Reforms to the era of Stalinism and beyond. In doing so, it tells the story of a remarkable circle of friends whose lives balanced love, family, and career with exile, imprisonment, and revolution.
Using data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Study – Higher School of Economics (RLMS), we estimate the relationship between the sense of control, measured as the belief that one has control over one’s important future life circumstances and job-related training for women and men in a transitional context. We test the theory of alternative resources and the critical approaches in the analysis of the role of gender in individual outcomes from training. We show that while job-related training is associated with higher sense of control (measured using Pearlin Mastery Scale), its effect varies by gender and therefore, its absolute value is limited. We conclude that job-related training exacerbates the existing differences in the sense of control between women and men in Russia, which can potentially have prolonged, negative effects on the wider outcomes of women in the labour market.
The legislation of the Russian Federation, along with international normative legal acts, clearly establishes the rights of women aimed at legal protection of their position in public relations, however, traditional ideas about the social roles of men and women constitute an obstacle to the full enjoyment of rights and freedoms. So, in the state civil service of the Russian Federation, despite the guarantees provided by part 1 of Article 3 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation to ensure compliance with the principle of gender equality in employment, young applicants still encounter difficulties in the admission process. In this article, we check and compare whether government agencies are ready to hire women with pregnancy or family responsibilities, as well as young men with family responsibilities. To do this, we organized and conducted an experiment - a telephone survey of contact persons for vacancies posted on the website of the Federal Portal of Management Personnel, which provide reference information on issues of joining the civil service. On the basis of the experiment, a reproduction of gender stereotypes was revealed on the part of civil servants responsible for communication with applicants for filling civil service positions. Young women receive a “penalty for motherhood” even at the stage of joining the government in conditions of “dominant masculinity”.
A cross-linguistic survey shows that languages with gender can have very high levels of morphological complexity, especially where gender is coexponential with case as in many Indo-European languages. If languages with gender are complex overall, apart from their gender, then gender can be regarded as an epiphenomenon of overall language complexity that tends to arise only as an incidental complication in already complex morphological systems. I test and falsify that hypothesis; apart from the gender paradigms themselves, gender languages are no more complex than others. The same is shown for the other main classificatory categories of nouns, numeral classifiers and possessive classes. Person, the other important indexation category, proves to be less complex, and I propose that the reason for this is that person, but not gender, is referential, allowing hierarchical patterning to emerge as a decomplexifying mechanism.
he many facets of grammatical gender remain one of the most fruitful areas of linguistic research, and pose fascinating questions about the origins and development of complexity in language. The present work is a two-volume collection of 13 chapters on the topic of grammatical gender seen through the prism of linguistic complexity. The contributions discuss what counts as complex and/or simple in grammatical gender systems, whether the distribution of gender systems across the world’s languages relates to the language ecology and social history of speech communities. Contributors demonstrate how the complexity of gender systems can be studied synchronically, both in individual languages and over large cross-linguistic samples, and diachronically, by exploring how gender systems change over time. In addition to three chapters on the theoretical foundations of gender complexity, volume one contains six chapters on grammatical gender and complexity in individual languages and language families of Africa, New Guinea, and South Asia.
The book focuses most of all on women's and partly on men's agency, to discuss variant ways in which women and men actively use their scopes of action - through political activism, protest, movements, in the military. The book is aiming to dicuss variant perspectives on these issues in different contexts witin Eastern Europe. How do these in change affect conservative societies and the concepts of masculinity?
The volume is structured in four parts:
I) Floating concepts of Femininities and Masculinities
(essentially this is a discussion on the role of feminism in the transformation period in Eastern Europe)
II) Political Activism
(this part deals with political participation of women - also within conservative parties - and of variant forms of protest)
III) Nationalism and Militarization of societies
(also papers on violence)
IV) Social Roles and Concepts of Women and Men
The article is devoted to the specifics of women''s employment in production. Based on the empirical data collected by myself during the period of one-year participant observation at the candy factory, two aspects will be mentioned in the article. The first one is the temporary work of women coming to the Moscow region and working for industrial enterprises. These women work off-the-books for several weeks or months at a time, which involves leaving home for a short while. The second aspect, which I will talk about, is the risks associated with female labor in production. In particular, I will raise the topic of accidents at work. Through the analysis of accidents at work I will show why the working conditions of female temporary workers and permanent workers are equally precarious and unreliable. The task of the article is to analyze the specificity of female labor in the conditions of production, involving, for the most part, manual labor.
The article is devoted to the problem of emancipation of women framed by the correspondence between originator of positivism Auguste Comte and originator of utilitarianism John Mill. There is no Mill’s letters retained, thus, his other works about women’s question were used. This paper is mainly historico-philosophical; its basic task is a research of the women’s question in terms of utilitarianism and positivism. The goal of this article is to find out is there any dependency on the doctrine of utilitarianism (as well as the doctrine of positivism) and the particular attitude toward women’s question.
Actuality of the problem is in the ongoing antagonism among men and women, which is linked, it seems, to the slow absorption of the idea of gender equality in various countries. Nowadays, when this theme has become one of the most speculative, — along with racism, homophobia, and so on, certainly, — it is essential to turn to the roots of this problem sometimes.
It could give us some answers to the most important challenges of the day.
The article gives an outline of masculine strategies in the context of sociocultural preferences of post-Soviet Orthodoxy. The article reveals the specific features of deformation and distortion of normative masculine strategies in the conditions of religious conservatism and the post-secular resort to patriarchal norms, which causes a lack of men in the Orthodox Church, i.e., a certain masculinity crisis. The author subjects to verification the traditional view of gender imbalance, showing that this imbalance is diminishing, although there are still fewer men in the church (participating in worship and church life) than women. The evidenced decline of the percentage disparity between men and women in the church environment over the past 30 years allows us to acknowledge a partial overcoming of masculinity crisis in the Orthodox environment. Analyzing the limitations of ways to realize normative masculinity in the Orthodox environment, the author shows that the way out of this crisis are three ways of hypercompensation: consumerization of the church space, involvement in the global imperial project of Orthodox civilization and cultivating of a special religious attitude toward the war, accompanied by the militarization of the church culture. At least the second option and the third one involves a certain resort to neopatriarchy as they are shifting priorities to the side of primordial masculinity with a greater value of physical strength, authoritarianism and military exploit.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.