Метафоры пандемического дискурса (на материале СМИ Германии)
This article focuses on the analysis of metaphorical representations of the coronavirus pandemic in texts selected by continuous sampling from German-language media.
The methodological basis of the research is the theory of conceptual metaphor, as well as the Russian theory of metaphorical modeling, which allow us to single out universal metaphorical models in line with the Zeitgeist, which are part of the national picture of the world.
Pandemic discourse was selected as the research space. It is understood as a media supertext or as a collection of media texts united by one topic and aimed at reflecting the events associated with the pandemic.
Further, the article examines predictable metaphorical models - the military model with an extensive system of slots Representing most of the elements of “military” actions aimed at combating the virus; the disaster model (tsunami, storm, fire) showing the attitude to the virus as to a dangerous and uncontrollable phenomenon; the ambivalent road model (the road from the pandemic, on the one hand, and the road along which the virus is walking around the world, on the other); the legal model, focusing attention on the protest part of the discourse; the zoomorphic model; the theatrical-game model.
The author shows an example of the interaction of units of different metaphorical models for the implication of certain nuances of meaning
The conceptual metaphors that fill the slots of these models show the complex moral and psychological state of society and an ambiguous social attitude towards pandemic reality.
The last part of the article describes living metaphors, born as a response to the anxiety of the situation and fear, realizing unconventional meanings, to some extent a carnival attitude to what is happening, speaking ironically and/or describing everything in a plain, upfront way.
A striking linguistic fact in this category of metaphors is serial metaphors, which form large word-formative nests and, by one feature, characterize a number of objects or phenomena of the new reality.
Attention is drawn to complex metaphors, the semantics of which is made up of a pun on the direct meanings of the components.
The conclusion states the high degree of emotional impact of metaphors, the dynamism of the metaphorical picture of pandemic reality, its dependence on many objective and individual factors, as well as on ideological reasons.
The description of anthropomorphic metaphorical images of pandemic discourse of the corona-humoristic texts is named as a research prospect.