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Regular version of the site

Article

Вызов высокой смертности

Демоскоп Weekly. 2003. № 139-140.

Length of life in Russia has been decreasing already for 40 years. According to the Programme of Action adopted by the Cairo International Conference on Population in 1994, all countries should commit themselves to raise life expectancy for both sexes above 70 by 2005. It is already clear, that by the year 2005 Russia will not even come near to this goal.At the best it will succeed in reaching the life expectancy recommended for the countries with the highest mortality - 65 years. Child mortality in Russia is declining but at a very low pace. But the case of adult mortality is even worse. High mortality rates result from an insufficient control over many, mainly exogenous causes of death. The general structure of the causes of death remains archaic in many respects. The authors are of the opinion, that demographic losses from high mortality are comparable to military losses. How can Russia get over the demographic crisis? The authors offer their answer to this complicated question.