Управление предприятием и экология: перспективы экомаркетинга и экоаудита
Neither the ecological problems facing the European Union (EU), nor the state of the environment in the EU countries, can be today definitely characterized. In spite of the efforts being made, there is practically no progress observed in the affairs of maintaining biological variety in the continent, dramatic deficit of pure water is felt. In this connection, as is stressed in the article, an especially important role is assigned to the preparation and adoption of the Constitution of the EU.
In this article the author examines the environmental effects of post-industrialization. The author analyzes the mutuality ecologization and trans-formation of the territorial structure of the world economy. And he gives special attention to the prospects of forming ecolobby in Russia. In conclusion, he speaks about the impact of post-industrial stage of economic development on the global environmental situation.
Foreign direct investment provides receiving companies with not only capital necessary for their development but with modern manufacturing technologies and management experience. The article covers investment made into Russian before the financial crisis had begun and after that. Their volume and dynamics are analyzed in comparison with the other BRIC countries i.e. Brazil, Russia, India, China. The article studies their structure as a whole as well as regional and industrial distribution. The instrument for non-resident owners influence on strategic and operational management of a company is analyzed. It is also underlined that companies with foreign participation have higher productivity in comparison with Russian competitors due to their educational programs for their loyal employees, international accreditation, use of different innovations and modern organization of export.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.