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Article

Траектория и современный вектор развития цивилизационной матрицы России

Бессонова О. Э.

The article once again raises the question on historical nature of Russia's development, which was commonly considered within the paradigm of two ways of civilisation development (West-East). Nevertheless an adequate assessment of Russia's way in connection with actual development alternatives is barely possible within this obsolete paradigm. Therefore a new integral-institutional paradigm of civilisation development, which is based on the general theory of institutional transformation, has been promoted. The research focuses on global development principles of civilisation matrices and their projection on Russia' trajectory. The new integral-institutional paradigm opens a new presentation of a social reality through the combination of state, local and global civilisation matrices. The institutional nature of societies is considered as the triune configuration of institutional archetype, institutional nucleus and institutional matrix. The «surrounding reality» is presented in the form of three levels: global spheres, real environments and social subsystems. Thus civilisation development is treated in a new fashion. The global principles are determined on the breakdown of forma-tional, institutional and national axes. The historical development of civilization matrices is regarded through the formation stages, and a new concept of «dual formations» is introduced. Cyclic evolution of institutions of Russia's distributive economy is tracked through historical material. The article also provides the analysis of institutional mechanisms of the typical historical cases, which were natural for certain phases of institutional cycles. Thus a forecast concerning Russia's development and the formation of Liberal Razdatok Economy is done.