Роботы, искусственный интеллект и восстание машин: мифология НТР и научная фантастика
The first part of the article is devoted to describing of the scientific and technological progress products mythologize process in science fiction, that makes it possible to determine some problems of mythological thinking actualization in the process of formation ideas about the latest tendencies in science and technology by society. The author thinks that the compensatory function of the mythological reality transformation way becomes actual, when a layman tries to master products of scientific and technological progress, that leads to the mythologize of these products, so new myths of our time are arising. In the article science fiction is thought of as a co-operating field of rational scientific and irrational mythologic things, consequently, some mass irrational ideas about scientific and technological progress by society can be reconstructed from this field. In the second part of the article – based on science fiction films of recent years (The Machine, Chappie, Ex Machina, Transcendence etc.), these are devoted to problems of artificial intelligence and humanoid robots, described process of the products of scientific and technological progress mythologize is illustrated, the structure of robotics mythology is reconstructed and it is given a description of its transformation over the past few decades.