Совершенствование оценки эффективности регионального управления
This volume comprises the proceedings of the IX Moscow International Conference on Operations Research (ORМ 2018 – Germeyer100) in the scope of fundamental research and applications of decision-making theory under uncertainty, operations research in multiple areas as well as numerical methods of operations research. The conference is devoted to the centenary of the outstanding Soviet scientist, professor Yuri Germeyer who contributed greatly to the development of mathematical foundations of the decision making theory and played a key role in the formation of the domestic school of operations research and the game theory. The reports demonstrate a further and profound development of the Germeyer scientific school.
We study the impact of Russian regional governors’ rotation and their affiliation with private sector firms for the quality of investment climate in Russian regions. A theoretical model presented in the paper predicts that these factors taken together improve “endogenous” property rights under authoritarian regimes. This conclusion is confirmed empirically by using Russian regional data for 2002—2010; early in that period gubernatorial elections had been canceled and replaced by federal government’s appointments. This is an indication that under certain conditions government rotation is beneficial for economic development even when democracy is suppressed.
In the chapter of the book consider the changes in Russian government system of management especially the trends of applying the new legal tools of impact to economics and enforcement of the investment climate.
The article analyzes the competitiveness of the Russian economy in comparison with the leading economies of the world in the context of Russia's WTO accession on aspects such as the level of interest rates and the availability of financial resources, the dynamics of energy prices, condition of fixed assets and investment activity, investment climate. We outline the basic negative tendencies, hindering the development of the economy and reducing its attractiveness to investors. Based on these results it can be argued that WTO accession will not lead to significant improvement of the investment climate and economic efficiency, and without the implementation of measures to address the problems considered, it can be a catalyst for the negative trends in Russian economy.
This paper presents a quarterly index of competitiveness of the construction industry allowing to monitor status of industry and trend of development as well as presents the first results. The index consists of three components: remote rating of construction companies, the survey of professional community, market conditions. Detailing of index includes country, Federal districts and regions. The results would be useful for regional governments and other stakeholders of the construction market
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.