Референтные отношения в группе как фактор организационных изменений
The article discusses one argument in favor of descriptive theory of reference of proper names against the theory of direct reference which appeals to a famous example of the ship of Theseus. The author defends the latter theory by means of distinguishing the object of direct reference and its principles of individuation. The argument is discussed with reference to the works of H. Chandler, L. Linsky, S. Kripke, N. Salmon and other theorists.
The present paper summarizes a review of the best practices and models of academic development in foreign universities. It is argued that academic development as a domain of professional activity is developed as a response to the three interrelated processes: emergence of the new forms of public management, dissemination of 'entrepreneurial university' conception and life-long learning programs. Possible goals, professionalization problems and organizational models of academic development are elaborated in order to present heterogeneity of this phenomenon. We conclude by highlighting the most promising types of academic development programs which is possible to implement in Russian universities.
The article is focused on the subjec-matter of activity mediation of interpersonal relationships. In contrast with functional-role and personal-emotional ones it is determined by orientation of people's activity towards "universal "I" and by logic of the "object". Levels-layers of intragroup relationships determined by the goal of collaborative activity, personal-business relationships, private emotional-personal relationships are described. The reasons for qualitative difference between activity-mediated relationships in a collectivity and activity-mediated relationships in a corporation as well as the potential of activity-mediated relationships to "warm up" private emotional relationships in a group are analyzed. Phenomena and peculiarities in life of a group revealed by the author of activity mediation theory are related to categories of transactional analysis and the other systems of counseling psychology. That gives the way to the special - personological - approach to the further research.
This proceedings volume examines leadership from the perspectives of business, economics, social sciences, cross-cultural management, and education as a means to establish a future of sustainable development. Featuring contributions from the 2017 Prague Institute for Qualification Enhancement (PRIZK) and International Research Centre (IRC) “Scientific Cooperation” International Conference held in the Czech Republic, this volume focuses particularly on business models and higher education schemes from BRICS nations and examines topics such as social and educational practices, academic policies and business development.
Leadership is becoming a key element for the future sustainable development of business and education in the quickly globalizing world. In this regard, a special emphasis should be made on the formation of high-quality human resources—the leading experts in their field who will create innovations and introduce breakthrough technologies. The development of a creative economy and knowledge economy requires highly-educated human capital, thus education becomes a key element of this process. Education must keep pace with time, be competitive, and stay in touch with the process of technology. The enclosed papers identify the key steps for sustainable growth and development in business and education.
Featuring contributions on theory and practice, this book is appropriate for academics, researchers, policy-makers and practitioners in the areas of business, leadership management, entrepreneurship, innovation and education.
Legal Translation In The Law Terminology Coreference Perspective
The article revisits a sustainable phenomenon inherent in languages for special purposes (domain-specific sublanguages) – multiple nomination of concepts exemplified by the legalese and correlating with cognitive representations of domain-specific knowledge. This phenomenon profiles an obvious problem area in special translation theory. Synonymy is treated in line with Yu.D. Aprecian’s concept whereby lexical units are regarded as semantically related if and when they appear referentially identical, i.e. co-referential. Co-reference gives rise to complexities in perceiving and comprehending legal texts in English–Russian translation. An interdisciplinary paradigm is applied for singling out an earmarked direction within the modern Translation Studies – Domain-Specific Translatology. A new name to once customary ‘special translation theory’ draws translation researchers to focus on profound studying of professional translation/interpreting across domain-specific fields, i.e. expert communication area, with the view of analyzing problems aggravated by the terminological co-reference available both in the source-language and target-language as well.
"The Global Obama" examines the president’s image in five continents and more than twenty countries. It is the first book to look at Barack Obama’s presidency and analyze how Obama and America are viewed by publics, governments and political commentators around world. The author of "Barack Obama in Hawaii and Indonesia: The Making of a Global President" (Top 10 Black History Book) scaled the globe to gather opinions -- cultural, historical and political analyses -- about Obama’s leadership style. Writers, journalists, psychologists, and social scientists present their views on Obama’s leadership, popularity, and many of the global challenges that still remain unsolved. As a progress report, this is the first book that tries to grasp ‘the Obama phenomenon’ in totality, as perceived by populations around the world with special focus on America's leadership.
This article features issues related to the inherent structure of legal texts in its relation to the text-internal mechanisms specific for these texts. In particular, the analysis is centered around a legal texts’ propensity to ‘avoid’ pronominal deictic elements, as well as other deixis ordinarily employed for text generation. Legal texts perception is deemed dependent on referencing practiced by the reader. Accents are placed on the ontological difference immanent for texts of law; such difference stipulates their distinction from regular and, thus expected, textual patters; this quality being characterized by minimized elliptical constructions and extended endophoric reference links.
In today's world leadership is one of the most interesting phenomena of social life. Everyone is positioning itself as a leader or (control ), or as a slave . Especially clearly expressed by the youth , as this is the age is finally formed the character and temperament of a person that influence the manifestation of his leadership qualities. The importance and relevance of the study of leadership is due to the capabilities of its influence on personality development and the formation of an active life position assumes optimal involvement in collective leadership and execution functions. Phenomenon of leadership is also important for such municipal structures as higher education institutions. Dwell on the Higher School of Economics - Nizhny Novgorod - the university , with a strong personality , with a set of features that define its uniqueness. University has positioned itself as a leader among the socio - economic trends in education , being the only one in this area by the National Research University. From March to October 2012 the study was conducted , the number of respondents - 302 people . Objective: to determine whether the youth HSE - Nizhny Novgorod human identity as the leader of reality. Research objectives: • identify the gender , age aspects of leadership ; • analyze the interaction of men and women in the groups ; • consider the impact of the physical location of a person , tone and volume of his voice on the manifestation of leadership skills and abilities. The object of the study were students and applicants enrolled in the center of preliminary training , HSE - Nizhny Novgorod in age from 18 to 23 years, subject - the difference between self-identity and opinion leader group.