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Article

Генезис принципа наибольшего благоприятствования как основы международных торговых отношений

The category principles of international law is researched in the article, determined that the need to distinguish between two groups of the basic principles and special. Set along with the principle of autonomy of the will and of the principle members of a particular provision of such regimes is. It is proved one of the basics in the relations regulation in the network of WTO is the principle of the most-favoured-nation which ensures the equality of law regimes given to any third party countries as well as directed to prevention of discrimination for benefit of one or several states. Pointing out that this principle follows from the existing bilateral trade agreements between states, as well as subsequent decisions adopted at the WTO. However, the most favored is the "invention" of the World Trade Organization, and has a long history in this connection, consider the initial stage of the formation of the start in foreign relations, particularly with regard to our state. The article gives a historical and law analysis of the process of forming and introduction the principle of the most-favoured-nation to international law relations. During the reign of Peter I the relations connected with foreign trade should be regulated at the level of complex international treaties. Initially, the article that regulated exchanges in contracts of political issues, including peace treaties. As for the trade agreements signed by Russia with other countries in this period, then they are characterized by the widespread use of Russia most favorable conditions. The authors concluded from the analysis of the basis of international agreements, which originally applied to the most-favored right merchants to come, to transport goods, to buy and rent a home, hire assistants, sailors, and to many others, that is, applied to the relationships of a private law character, but did not extend fully to the duties and tariffs. The article shows an international practice of using the principle of the most-favoured-nation in international agreements. Development tendencies and a significance of the researched principle for foreign-trade relations, the difference and the correlation between the most-favoured-nation regime and national regime are researched and singled out in the article.