Тенденции в развитието на Руската академия на науките
In the chapter consider the legal aspects of the regulation of scientific activity in conditions of reforming Russian Academy of Sciences
The article looks at the main tendencies of SCM ideology development worldwide. Basing on the analysis of the reports of the largest analytical and IT companies on the theme under consideration, the article reveals key factors and drivers determining the SCM concept development in the midterm. The best practice of the leading logistic and SCM companies is researched; Gartner Research, in particular, provides a list of Top 25 best international companies using SCM in 2017. The article analyzes Gartner Research recommendations on implementing the best SCM solutions and technologies in business organizations. SCM challenges and barriers in Russian companies are identified. It is determined that world SCM leaders particularly focus on implementation of digital technologies, such as RFID, Mobile app, Big Data, Cloud Services, IoT, BlockChain, 3DPrinting and others. It is shown that besides SCM digitalization, the leaders pay attention to supply chain segmentation, business client focus, improvement of stability, dynamics and transparency of supply chains.
The paper is devoted to the translation of the famous German novel "Die Asiatische Banise" into Russian. The conclusions are made about the time and the interpreter of the novel.
The historically collective character of the capital of the joint-stock company developed in the direction of the growth of the number of joint-stock companies and the associated increase in the number of shareholders and the number of shares to be issued. In modern conditions, the possibilities for a quantitative increase in the size of the share capital have already exhausted themselves sufficiently. There are qualitative changes associated with the deepening of the collective character of such capital. On the one hand, there is the emergence of this type of minority shareholders, behind which in fact are hiding large funds of collective investment. On the other hand, this is expressed in the processes of internationalization of jointstock companies and their transformation into transnational companies, i.e. when the composition of shareholders becomes more and more international. The national share market of one and the same company is turning into a global market because these shares through the issue of depositary receipts are able to address the stock markets of any other countries of the world. Owners of depositary receipts, like collective investors, often fall into the category of minority shareholders due to the fact that they have small blocks of shares. The collective and international nature of minority shareholders is an objective basis for the need to protect the rights of such shareholders already at the legislative level.
In the book presents the results of scientific investigations of the group of scientists of Institute of Philosophy and Law SB RAS which devoted to analyse of trends and perspectives of academic science in Russia. The reform of science analysed in philosophycal, economical, sociological and legal aspects.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.