Научният потенциал на Русия през погледа на статистиката
The author deals with the issues related to existence of non$state juridical education, noting its potential, and in some point its superiority over state juridical education. Introduction of non$state juridical education in the author’s opinion, may take place only in case of active participation of the state which can render certain assistance and support. The author answers the questions which evidence against non$state juridical education, presenting counterarguments which defend it. The author also writes that non$state higher juridical education must receive the state recognition and gives a list of measures aimed at gaining such recognition by non$state juridical institutions of higher education.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.