Экономико-математическая модель оценки потенциала предприятия
In article results of preliminary forecasting of social and economic consequences of creation of the customs union with participation of the Russian Federation, Byelorussia and Republic Kazakhstan by means of computer economic-mathematical model of the general balance Global trade analysis project (GTAP) are resulted.
In the last ten to 40 years, the concept of sustainability has grown in recognition and importance. Sustainable development has been defined as ‘development that meets the needs of the present without com-promising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The core of sustainable development concept implies a move towards economic prosperity, environmental protection and social equity. The con-cept of sustainability is based on balance or harmony between the three dimensions: social equity, environ-mental protection and economic prosperity. In the business world these three dimensions are often called ‘people, planet, profit’ or PPP. The PPP concept implies that a company should take its decisions with con-sideration of people – its employees as well as other stakeholders and society – and the planet – that is, the environment – as well as profit. The purpose of this article, an overview of the theoretical and methodologi-cal approaches to the concept of sustainable development and their application in practice in Russian com-panies. In writing this article, as the main method used by the registration method (observation). Today modern companies have to implement the principles of sustainability in their operational activities. Howev-er, the environment and the social perspectives are often less embedded in a company’s strategies and prac-tices. This article provides a comprehensive review of the theoretical approaches to the concept of Sustaina-ble development and represents some examples of SD principles implementation in to the Russian companies business practice.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.