Экономико-математическая модель оценки потенциала предприятия
In article results of preliminary forecasting of social and economic consequences of creation of the customs union with participation of the Russian Federation, Byelorussia and Republic Kazakhstan by means of computer economic-mathematical model of the general balance Global trade analysis project (GTAP) are resulted.
In the last ten to 40 years, the concept of sustainability has grown in recognition and importance. Sustainable development has been defined as ‘development that meets the needs of the present without com-promising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The core of sustainable development concept implies a move towards economic prosperity, environmental protection and social equity. The con-cept of sustainability is based on balance or harmony between the three dimensions: social equity, environ-mental protection and economic prosperity. In the business world these three dimensions are often called ‘people, planet, profit’ or PPP. The PPP concept implies that a company should take its decisions with con-sideration of people – its employees as well as other stakeholders and society – and the planet – that is, the environment – as well as profit. The purpose of this article, an overview of the theoretical and methodologi-cal approaches to the concept of sustainable development and their application in practice in Russian com-panies. In writing this article, as the main method used by the registration method (observation). Today modern companies have to implement the principles of sustainability in their operational activities. Howev-er, the environment and the social perspectives are often less embedded in a company’s strategies and prac-tices. This article provides a comprehensive review of the theoretical approaches to the concept of Sustaina-ble development and represents some examples of SD principles implementation in to the Russian companies business practice.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.