Компетенции инженерных кадров: опыт сравнительного исследования в России и странах ЕС
The training manual reveals the urgent issues of development of the Russian economy in the conditions of formation and development of its innovative component. Through the presented materials studied mechanisms of improving the economic and institutional relations in the transition to an innovative economy are studied. Also we can find detailed description of directions of state support and structures implementing by it. It seems interesting the regional dimension, including a detailed description of the innovation potential of the Samara region. The manual contains a list of the latest regulatory and legal acts regulating the innovation sphere. Study materials will help to deepen the knowledge of the modern infrastructure of innovative enterprises support.
It is intended for the development of "Microeconomics" disciplines, "Macroeconomics", "Economic theory" undergraduate students directions 080100 "Economics" discipline "Institutional Economics", "Innovation Management" direction 080200 "Management" discipline "Economic theory" direction 100700 "Commerce" "Commercial business", direction 040100 "Sociology".
The manual will help in the study course "Problems of modern economics" graduate students directions 080100 "Economics" as well as everyone who involved in the economic by self-education and in-depth interest in economic theory.
There is being carried out in the country a reform of the sector of public and municipal institutions which involves the transition to three main types of institutions: state-owned (public), independent (autonomous) and budget-funded. This reform is realized in accordance with the Federal law N o 83-FZ “On amendments to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation in view of improvement of the legal status of public (municipal) institutions”. The article considers the main provisions of the reform and the peculiarities of its implementation in the professional education institutions.
The article looks at the problem of designing theoretical courses delivered in a foreign language. The author describes a set of skills which form professional communicative competence and offers some recommendations concerning the structure of these courses and the main conceptual principles the courses should be bases on.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.