Портрет международного сотрудника российского вуза
The paper is focused on changes in higher engineering education in Russia over the last decade. We assume that, as a result of technological and organizational changes in the markets young engineers are taught to work in, changes in education may be called for. The key change in the markets for engineers in Russia consists of the transition from planned to market economy, and thus the appearance of markets per se, and also in a shift away from a focus on the defense industry. To identify the possible changes and assess the current state of engineering education, we compare opinions of four target groups: university administrators, students, recent graduates, and employers.
The article presents results of the servey devoted to impacts of international staff members of the National Research University Higher School of Economics. It identifies the main directions of their activity and analyses their contribution to the university development. The servey highlights difficulties they face in their routine work as well as when they realize specific initiatives. It also presents the comparison of Russian and foreign practices of international faculty’s activities.
As we progress into the 21st century, the international dimension of higher education is becoming increasingly important and at the same time, much more complex. The changing dynamics of internationalization are contributing to the current state of turmoil in the higher education sector. (Knight 2012) During the last decade, there have been new actors, new rationales, new programs, new regulations, and new developments in globalization. Internationalization has become a formidable force for change, as the following developments and initiatives in higher education demonstrate.
As internationalization adapts to meet new challenges, it is important to examine the key concepts that inform and shape the internationalization process and sometimes result in unexpected developments and unanticipated results. The following discussion acknowledges the multiple and varied benefits attributed to internationalization, but the primary focus is on the unintended consequences that need to be addressed and monitored.
Psychological predictors of academic achievements in university students were studied (N = 176). The aim of the study was to investigate how the Big Five personality traits contributed to different academic achievements. The Unified State Examination (USE) scores were used for evaluation of academic success prior to university admission and grade point average was used as a measure of current academic performance. Introversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism and Openness were shown to be important predictors of academic achievements in Russian university students. These results are only partially supported by the results of similar studies conducted in Western Europe and North America. Possible reasons of the above discrepancies are discussed. It is concluded that these discrepancies are due to country-specific differences in educational environment and requirements to student personality traits.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.