Экзистенциальная терапия и клиентоцентрированная психотерапия: сравнение теоретико-методологических оснований
The article deals with general and special traits of two approaches belonging to humanitarian “understanding” paradigm and using phenomenology: person-centered approach (PCA) by C. Rogers and existential analysis (EA) in its version by V. Frankl – A. Laengle. It is shown, how the different treatment of a core of a human – as ogranismically preformed in PCA and as spiritual and free in EA – leads to differences in basic principles of psychotherapy: dialog as “mirroring” in PCA vs. free emotionality + understanding of theme of emotionality + decision based on conscience + adequate realization of the decision in concrete actions in EA.
The monograph presents a holistic view of the development of ideas, theory and practice of modern existential analysis. This view has allowed to demonstrate the contribution of existential analysis in psychology and its methodological potential as the basis for the construction of integral personality psychology, psychological counseling and psychotherapy, relevant modern scientific and socio-cultural context. The book is addressed to undergraduate and graduate students studying psychology and psychological counseling, practicing psychologists and psychotherapists, a wide range of professionals and researchers in the field of philosophy, social Sciences and Humanities.
In 2010 we celebrate 105 years from the date of Victor Frankl's birth. His contribution to culture remains till now not estimated enough. In article it is traced origin and development of the concept of V. Frankl against crisis of the western culture of XX century. It is shown that the doctrine about spiritual life of the person and search for meaning contains the powerful impulse to an overcoming the crisis.
In the article results of K.Rogers psychotherapeutic speech intent-analysis realized by authors purposely to describe general psychological foundations of speech psychotherapeutic activity, studying it's intentional plan, revealing of therapist speech intentional specificity are presented. Existing views on intentionality concept are shown, intention bases of psychotherapeutic discourse which according to authors are determined by base aims of concrete therapeutic method are analyzed. Methods and stages of research are described. As an object of research С.Rogers therapeutic cases illustrating his professional work during different periods of his life are selected. Psychotherapist speech intensions dictionary made during research process and also their classification are resulted. The result of the research is comparative analysis of intentional characteristics of Rogers speech.
The article discusses main content and process-oriented components of the training program for counselors of existential-analytical orientation within the framework of the NRU HSE Master’s program. Students who successfully completed this training program are able to practise with the university counseling center upon obtaining their Master’s degree.
The Idea of the Person in Existential Analysis by Viktor Frankl
Viktor Frankl (1905-1997) holds a specific place in a panorama of psychological thoughts. Philosopher, psychologist, doctor, psychotherapist, the founder of the original teachings about the meaning, he has exerted serious humanistic impact on a philosophical and psychological thought.
The book shows Frankl's contribution in the development of the idea of the person as a spiritual active agent of human existence. Frankl's ideas of the person are reconstructed and systematized, their methodological value for psychotherapeutic anthropology and psychology of the personality is considered.
The book is addressed to a wide range of readers, reflecting on the problems of human and his being, to professionals and researchers in the field of philosophy, social sciences and humanities, for undergraduate and graduate students studying psychology and psychotherapy.
Psychotherapeutic practice calls for creating conceptions of autonomy, which can be utilized in work with clients. This article focuses on the psychotherapeutic approach called 'existential analysis and logotherapy' and makes explicit its ideas regarding autonomy. Specifically, the three key theoretical underpinnings of understanding and development of one's autonomy are described. It was shown that the existential-analytical practice is guided by the notions of 'person', dialogue/relatedness and phenomenology. The structural model of autonomy on the basis of existential analysis is discussed. It is argued that, although traditionally autonomy is strongly associated with the third fundamental motivation – the motivation to 'be oneself', this position is insufficient for practice. Thus, the central argument of the paper is that, from structural perspective, the useful way to address the issue of autonomy is to consider it as the interplay of the four fundamental existential motivations, described by A. Längle. Therefore, the process of maintaining of autonomy includes four different kinds of affirmation. The person says ‘yes’ to his or her subjective reality, own feelings, uniqueness and distinctiveness, and agentive presence in others and in the world. The paper also provides illustrations from psychotherapeutic practice to justify this standpoint.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.